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ORIGINAL ARTICLE  EXERCISE PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOMECHANICS 

The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2019 January;59(1):65-70

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.17.07524-7

Copyright © 2017 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Analysis of modifications of the plantar parameters after the use of a proprioceptive insole: regular gait

Carlotta ORO NOBILI , Elena MANNACIO, Antonello CICCARELLI, Filippo TAJANI, Maurizio RIPANI

Department of Human Movement, Social and Health Sciences, “Foro Italico” University of Rome, Rome, Italy



BACKGROUND: The human foot is the basis of support and propulsion for gait and it provides support and flexibility for effective weight transfer. Therefore a correct distribution of loads and pressures on the surface of the foot is of fundamental importance to ensure a correct walking and maintaining balance in both static and dynamic conditions. The aim of our study was to evaluate the effects of innovative insoles, named regular gait (RG), on plantar pressures distribution during standing position and walking in healthy subjects; therefore, we investigated whether these effects are maintained after insole removing.
METHODS: Fifty subjects were tested; these were free of foot diseases or damage to the anatomical structures involved in the processes above posture. These subjects underwent rating scales and static and dynamic baropodometric examination before and after using RG.
RESULTS: The results obtained shown that the RG, for as we have designed, are able to change the distribution of the parameters both in static and dynamic conditions. We have also shown that the best results were obtained only after a month of treatment with RG and that the results obtained persist even in the tests post-treatment without insoles.
CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, the data obtained in this study suggest that RG could be efficient in acting on parameters related to maintenance of upright posture and gait. This would allow the treated subjects to improve their posture both while walking and during the maintenance of the upright position.


KEY WORDS: Plantar plate - Pressure - Posture - Foot orthoses

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