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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS

A Journal on Applied Physiology, Biomechanics, Preventive Medicine,
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE  EXERCISE PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOMECHANICS


The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2017 October;57(10):1290-8

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.16.06721-9

Copyright © 2016 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Maximalist vs. minimalist shoes: dose-effect response of elastic compression on muscular oscillations

Jules GELLAERTS 1, Maxime PIRARD 1, Jessie MUZIC 2, Maxime PESEUX 2, Arnaud MÉNÉTRIER 3

1 UFR Sciences et Montagnes, Université Savoie Mont Blanc, Bourget du Lac, France; 2 UPFR des Sports, Université de Franche-Comté, Besançon, France; 3 UE 3920 Marqueurs Pronostiques et Facteurs de Régulation des Pathologies Cardiaques et Vasculaires Plateforme Exercice Performance Santé, Innovation, Université de Franche-Comté, Besançon, France


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BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to establish whether maximalist shoes engender fewer muscular oscillations than minimalist shoes and determine to what extent these shoes, when combined with elastic compression (EC), help reduce muscle oscillations. For that purpose, we tested the effects of various levels of compression on the muscular oscillations in maximalist and minimalist footwear.
METHODS: Eleven volunteers executed 16 one-minute passages on a flat treadmill in a randomized order: maximalists or minimalists, walking (6 km/h) or running (10 km/h), without EC (control condition [CON]) or with EC applying different pressures (9.6 mmHg, 14.5 mmHg and 20.4 mmHg). The muscular oscillations were measured on both thighs, on the rectus femoris and on the vastus medialis with tri-axial accelerometers.
RESULTS: Muscular oscillations are lower in maximalist shoes than in minimalist shoes, for both walking to 6 km/h and running to 10 km/h (P<0.05). Oscillations are also reduced with EC (P<0.05). This decrease is most marked when the pressure exercised by the EC is increased.
CONCLUSIONS: Increased compression with minimalist shoes reduces muscular oscillations as much as maximalist shoes, when combined with lower compression.


KEY WORDS: Shoes - Exercise test - Vibration

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Publication History

Issue published online: August 30, 2017
Article first published online: January 13, 2017
Manuscript accepted: December 31, 2016
Manuscript revised: December 12, 2016
Manuscript received: May 24, 2016

Cite this article as

Gellaerts J, Pirard M, Muzic J, Peseux M, Ménétrier A. Maximalist vs. minimalist shoes: dose-effect response of elastic compression on muscular oscillations. J Sports Med Phys Fitness 2017;57:1290-8. DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.16.06721-9

Corresponding author e-mail

arnaud.menetrier@laposte.net