Home > Journals > The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness > Past Issues > The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2017 October;57(10) > The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2017 October;57(10):1290-8

CURRENT ISSUE
 

JOURNAL TOOLS

eTOC
To subscribe
Submit an article
Recommend to your librarian
 

ARTICLE TOOLS

Publication history
Reprints
Permissions
Cite this article as

 

ORIGINAL ARTICLE  EXERCISE PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOMECHANICS 

The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2017 October;57(10):1290-8

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.16.06721-9

Copyright © 2016 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Maximalist vs. minimalist shoes: dose-effect response of elastic compression on muscular oscillations

Jules GELLAERTS 1, Maxime PIRARD 1, Jessie MUZIC 2, Maxime PESEUX 2, Arnaud MÉNÉTRIER 3

1 UFR Sciences et Montagnes, Université Savoie Mont Blanc, Bourget du Lac, France; 2 UPFR des Sports, Université de Franche-Comté, Besançon, France; 3 UE 3920 Marqueurs Pronostiques et Facteurs de Régulation des Pathologies Cardiaques et Vasculaires Plateforme Exercice Performance Santé, Innovation, Université de Franche-Comté, Besançon, France


PDF


BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to establish whether maximalist shoes engender fewer muscular oscillations than minimalist shoes and determine to what extent these shoes, when combined with elastic compression (EC), help reduce muscle oscillations. For that purpose, we tested the effects of various levels of compression on the muscular oscillations in maximalist and minimalist footwear.
METHODS: Eleven volunteers executed 16 one-minute passages on a flat treadmill in a randomized order: maximalists or minimalists, walking (6 km/h) or running (10 km/h), without EC (control condition [CON]) or with EC applying different pressures (9.6 mmHg, 14.5 mmHg and 20.4 mmHg). The muscular oscillations were measured on both thighs, on the rectus femoris and on the vastus medialis with tri-axial accelerometers.
RESULTS: Muscular oscillations are lower in maximalist shoes than in minimalist shoes, for both walking to 6 km/h and running to 10 km/h (P<0.05). Oscillations are also reduced with EC (P<0.05). This decrease is most marked when the pressure exercised by the EC is increased.
CONCLUSIONS: Increased compression with minimalist shoes reduces muscular oscillations as much as maximalist shoes, when combined with lower compression.


KEY WORDS: Shoes - Exercise test - Vibration

top of page