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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS

A Journal on Applied Physiology, Biomechanics, Preventive Medicine,
Sports Medicine and Traumatology, Sports Psychology


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ORIGINAL ARTICLE  PSYCHOLOGY


The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2017 May;57(5):703-10

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.16.06228-9

Copyright © 2016 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Athletes’ perception of the causes of injury in gymnastics

Edvard KOLAR 1, Mitija S., PAVLETIČ 2, Maja SMRDU 2, Almir ATIKOVIĆ 3

1 Faculty of Education, University of Maribor, Maribor, Slovenia; 2 Faculty of Mathematics, Natural Sciences and Information Technologies, University of Primorska, Koper, Slovenia; 3 Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, University of Tuzla, Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina


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BACKGROUND: Gymnastics requires a high level of flexibility, conditioning and complete body recruitment that is infrequently matched by other sports. Artistic gymnastics has a relatively high incidence of injuries, which are generally of minor or medium severity. With all its complexity, it poses a unique diagnostic and treatment challenge to medical practitioners. The present study examined athletes’ perception of the causes of injury and of the possible ways to reduce their incidence.
METHODS: The research involved 63 quality athletes, of whom 20 were in men’s artistic gymnastics, 21 in women’s artistic gymnastics, and 22 in rhythmic gymnastics. We used the self-assessment method. Factors inducing injury were grouped into three different categories: training, the athlete himself, and the environment. We used the χ2 test to test the association between a risk factor and injuries. The association between injuries and risk factors was also tested using a multivariate logistic regression analysis.
RESULTS: Overall, an incidence of 184 injuries was found, of which 67 (36.4%) were acute and 117 (63.5%) were chronic injuries. According to binary logistic regression analyses, psychological factors significantly associated with the prevalence of acute and chronic injury in both sexes for all disciplines were: a poor technique, improper methods of teaching, and an inadequate load. In our study, higher rates of acute and chronic injury were observed among male gymnasts, who reported their occurrence during training by overload, and among female gymnasts, who reported a poor technique, improper methods of teaching, and an inadequate load as main causes of their occurrence.
CONCLUSIONS: Improving the communication between athletes and coaches, taking the opinion of an athlete into account, and the athlete’s active involvement in preparation of the program include the most crucial points for reducing the incidence of injuries.


KEY WORDS: Gymnastics - Self-assessment - Athletic injuries

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Publication History

Issue published online: March 23, 2017
Article first published online: March 31, 2016
Manuscript accepted: March 22, 2016
Manuscript revised: February 25, 2016
Manuscript received: October 16, 2015

Cite this article as

Kolar E, Pavletič MS, Smrdu M, Atiković A. Athletes’ perception of the causes of injury in gymnastics. J Sports Med Phys Fitness 2017;57:703-10. DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.16.06228-9

Corresponding author e-mail

mitija@gmail.com