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ORIGINAL ARTICLE  SPORT INJURIES, REHABILITATION 

The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2016 December;56(12):1518-25

Copyright © 2016 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Muscle contracture diagnosis: the role of sonoelastography

Daniele BRUSCHETTA 1, Demetrio MILARDI 1, 2, Fabio TRIMARCHI 1, Debora DI MAURO 1, Andrea VALENTI 4, Alessandro ARRIGO 1, Barbara VALENTI 3, Giuseppe SANTORO 1, Filippo CASCIO 1, Gianluigi VACCARINO 1, Alberto CACCIOLA 1

1 Department of Biomedical Sciences and Morphological and Functional Images, University of Messina, Messina, Italy; 2 IRCCS Centro Neurolesi “Bonino Pulejo”, Messina, Italy; 3 Diagnostics Fiumara Centre, Santa Teresa Riva, Messina, Italy; 4 Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Messina, Messina, Italy


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BACKGROUND: Sonoelastography plays today a major role in musculoskeletal disease, showing minor muscle injuries not well appreciable in conventional B-mode ultrasonography and integrating it in major muscle injuries diagnosis. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the ability of elastosonography in the diagnosis of muscular contracture in football players presenting negative basic echography.
METHODS: We examined twenty-two football players using basic echography and elastosonography approximately 24-48 hours after the traumatic event and we subsequently re-evaluated them after two weeks.
RESULTS: Conventional echography showed, in the early stage, no muscle injuries; in twenty-two out of twenty-two patients, sonoelastography had instead underlined a heterogeneous colorimetric map, related to decreased elasticity in the area of the muscle contracture. An evaluation effected 1-2 weeks later showed a clear improvement of the sonoelastographic appearance.
CONCLUSIONS: This information will be useful for prognostication, post-traumatic monitoring and to detect subclinical changes in MIs even before there are changes on the routine B-mode ultrasound.


KEY WORDS: Ultrasonography - Contracture - Muscles - Elasticity imaging techniques

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