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ORIGINAL ARTICLE  EXERCISE PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOMECHANICS 

The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2017 June;57(6):766-72

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.16.06299-X

Copyright © 2016 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

The quantification of game-induced muscle fatigue in amputee soccer players

Mário A., SIMIM 1, 2, Paul S. BRADLEY 3, Bruno V., da SILVA 4, Edmar L. MENDES 2, Marco T., de MELLO 1, Moacir MAROCOLO 2, Gustavo R., da MOTA 2

1 School of Physical Education, Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil; 2 Human Performance and Sport Research Group, Department of Sport Sciences, Federal University of Triangulo Mineiro, Uberaba, Brazil; 3 Carnegie School of Sport, Leeds Beckett University, Leeds, UK; 4 Department of Environmental, Biological and Health Sciences, University Center of Belo Horizonte (Uni-BH), Belo Horizonte, Brazil


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BACKGROUND: This study quantified the degree of game-induced muscular fatigue in amputee soccer players.
METHODS: Thirty-three male amputee soccer players performed muscular tests (Push Up Test [PUT], Countermovement Jump Test [CMJ] and medicine-ball throw [MBT]) before and after a competitive match. Five players served as a control group. The rating of perceived exertion was recorded after each battery.
RESULTS: Control group demonstrated no differences between the two testing batteries (P>0.05, effect size [ES]: 0.1-0.4). However, match group illustrated markedly lower performances for PUT (-17%, P<0.01, ES: 0.9) with less pronounced declines in MBT (-8%, P<0.01, ES: 0.7) and CMJ (-5%, P<0.01, ES: 0.3) compared to pre-match values. The rating of perceived exertion were higher after the match compared to baseline values (+60%, P<0.01, ES: 2.4).
CONCLUSIONS: The data demonstrate that the fatigue experienced after amputee soccer matches causes impairments in muscular performance and this could be different to able-bodied players.


KEY WORDS: Exercise - Sports for persons with disabilities - Muscle strength

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