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Minerva Dental and Oral Science 2022 Feb 04

DOI: 10.23736/S2724-6329.22.04649-6


lingua: Inglese

980nm diode laser for treatment of vascular lesions in oral district: a 5 years follow-up trial

Merita BARDHOSHI 1, Alketa QAFMOLLA 1, Norbert GUTKNECHT 2, Cesare D’AMICO 3, Luca FIORILLO 3, 4, 5

1 Oro-Maxillofacial Surgery Department, Faculty of Dental Medicine, University of Medicine, Tirana, Albania; 2 Department of Restorative Dentistry, Aachen University, Aachen, Germany; 3 Department of Biomedical and Dental Sciences, Morphological and Functional Images, Policlinico G. Martino, University of Messina, Messina, Italy; 4 Multidisciplinary Department of Medical-Surgical and Dental Specialties, Second University of Naples, Naples, Italy; 5 Department of Dentistry, University of Aldent, Tirana, Albania


INTRODUCTION: Mulliken and Glowacki introduced a simple classification in 1982 that was based on the clinical, hystochemical and cellular criteria to distinguish between the various vascular anomalies. They described two distinct entities - hemangiomas and vascular malformations. Numerous methods of treatment have been used such as cryotherapy, embolization, sclerotisation, cold scalpel and laser.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study comprised 60 patients treated for vascular lesions of the oral region. The research protocol was performed in two groups. In the first group 30 patients were treated with 980nm diode laser and the second group, the control group 30 patients treated with cold scalpel. Treatments were conducted from May 2007 to May 2012 at the Department of Oral Surgery in Tirana.
RESULTS: The follow-up periods were one month, six months and one year. In this study according the protocol research the results from two groups of populations were compared. The parameters evaluated were: bleeding, swelling, scarring, recurrence, functional disturbance based on treatment protocol. Clinical applications of 980 nm diode laser for the management of vascular lesion of lip is of beneficial effects due to the good absorption in hemoglobin. Laser treatment is short in time and well-accepted by all age group.
CONCLUSIONS: Surgical laser wounds were healed in time, without scar formation and functional disturbance.

KEY WORDS: Diode laser; Vascular lesion; Scarring; Oral surgery

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