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The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2015 April;55(4):280-9

Copyright © 2015 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Short-term effect of crunch exercise frequency on abdominal muscle endurance

Juan-Recio C., López-Vivancos A., Moya M., Sarabia J. M., Vera-Garcia F. J.

Sports Research Centre, Miguel Hernandez, University of Elche Elche, Alicante, Spain


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Despite core exercise programs are broadly used to increase muscle function and to promote low back health, there is a lack of scientific evidence on some of the most important characteristics of trunk exercise programs, as for example training frequency. This study aimed to compare the short-term effect of training frequencies of 1, 2 and 3 days per week (d/wk) on abdominal muscle endurance in untrained adolescents. One hundred and eighteen high-school students (59 men and 59 women) with no previous experience in structured abdominal exercise programs were assigned randomly to groups that trained 1 d/wk (G1; N.=21), 2 d/wk (G2; N.=27), 3 d/wk (G3; N.=23), or to a control group (CG; N.=47) that did not train. The training groups performed crunch and cross-crunch exercises 1, 2 or 3 d/wk during six weeks. Before and after the training period, the bench trunk-curl test (BTC test) was carried out to assess abdominal muscle endurance. Men obtained higher BTC test scores than women before and after training. Training frequencies of 1, 2 and 3 d/wk provided a significant increase in BTC test scores; however, no significant differences between the three groups’ scores were found after training. Therefore, a small dose of crunch exercise training (1 d/wk) may be sufficient stimulus to increase abdominal endurance in untrained male and female adolescents, at least during the first weeks of an abdominal exercise program, which seems a very relevant finding in terms of time-cost efficiency.

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Cite this article as

Juan-Recio C, López-Vivancos A, Moya M, Sarabia JM, Vera-Garcia FJ. Short-term effect of crunch exercise frequency on abdominal muscle endurance. J Sports Med Phys Fitness 2015 April;55(4):280-9. 

Corresponding author e-mail

fvera@umh.es