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Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, Emerging Sources Citation Index
Online ISSN 1827-1650
D’Antuono A., Bellavista S., Gaspari V., Filippini A., Patrizi A.
Section of Dermatology Department of Internal Medicine Aging and Nephrological Diseases University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
Aim: Recurrent vulvovaginal candidosis (RVVC) can be a long-lasting disease; some patients refuse one of the most used treatment based on the assumption of oral fluconazole and resort to self-medication, risking poor control of symptoms and the development of local side effects. The aim of the study is to compare underwear made of Dermasilk®, a pure fibroin fabric bonded with a permanent antimicrobial protection, with cotton placebo briefs to see whether it would be a useful tool in the management of RVVC in patients not receiving oral or topical antimycotic treatment.
Methods: A double-blind, randomized study was carried out on 30 women who had a long-term history of RVVC with mild to moderate symptoms. The patients were randomly divided into two groups and instructed to use either white cotton placebo briefs (CT group) or Dermasilk® briefs (DS group) for 6 months.
Results: All vulvovaginal symptoms and signs showed a statistically significant improvement in the DS group compared with the CT group (P<0.001) at the follow-up visits after 3 and 6 months. The number of flares of vulvovaginal symptoms was significantly lower in the DS group compared to the CT group (24 episodes versus 68 episodes during the 6-month study, P<0.001).
Conclusion: In the absence of both topical and oral antimycotics, Dermasilk® briefs appear to be a useful tool, in reducing the signs and symptoms and the episodes of vulvovaginal discomfort in patients suffering from RVVC.