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ITALIAN JOURNAL OF VASCULAR AND ENDOVASCULAR SURGERY

Rivista di Chirurgia Vascolare ed Endovascolare


Official Journal of the Italian Society of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, Emerging Sources Citation Index, Scopus


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REVIEW  LATEST FRONTIERS OF HEMODYNAMICS, IMAGING AND TREATMENT OF OBSTRUCTIVE VENOUS DISEASE


Italian Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery 2018 June;25(2):132-42

DOI: 10.23736/S1824-4777.18.01336-0

Copyright © 2018 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

Renal vein compression syndromes: embryology, physiology, diagnosis, clinical manifestations and treatment

Salvatore J. SCLAFANI

Unit of Radiology, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, Fresenius Vascular Care, Brooklyn, NY, USA


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The Nutcracker phenomenon has several anatomical variants. The most common is the anterior Nutcracker, resulting from compression of the left renal vein between the abdominal aorta and the superior mesenteric artery. In this review the renal vein compression syndromes were analyzed, with a particular focus on the embryology, physiology, diagnosis, clinical manifestations and treatment.


KEY WORDS: Renal veins - Renal nutcracker syndrome - Review

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Publication History

Issue published online: April 9, 2018
Manuscript accepted: January 23, 2018
Manuscript received: January 22, 2018

Per citare questo articolo

Sclafani SJ. Renal vein compression syndromes: embryology, physiology, diagnosis, clinical manifestations and treatment. Ital J Vasc Endovasc Surg 2018;25:132-42. DOI: 10.23736/S1824-4777.18.01336-0

Corresponding author e-mail

Salvatore.sclafani@gmail.com