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Review Article   

The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2022 Jul 11

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.22.13982-4

Copyright © 2022 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

How physical fitness is evaluated in sitting volleyball players? A scoping review

Luca PETRIGNA 1,2 , Antonina PETTA 1, Valerio GIUSTINO 1, Ignazio LEALE 1, Guglielmo PILLITTERI 1, Daniele ZANGLA 1, Antonio PALMA 1, Giuseppe BATTAGLIA 1

1 Sport and Exercise Sciences Research Unit, Department of Psychology, Educational Science and Human Movement, University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy; 2 Department of Biomedical and Biotechnological Sciences, Anatomy, Histology and Movement Science Section, School of Medicine, University of Catania, Catania, Italy


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INTRODUCTION: Sitting volleyball is a widely practiced Paralympic Sport. A correct and standardized physical evaluation helps coaches to plan and manage the training. It is also important to evaluate physical fitness accurately and adopt standardized protocols to compare and normalize the data. The objective of the study was to evaluate physical fitness evaluation methods adopted in sitting volleyball and to eventually propose Standard Operating Procedures.
EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: English-written and peer-reviewed original articles were included in this review. The population studied was composed only of athletes practicing sitting volleyball. Articles were searched on the electronic databases PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus using keywords matched with Boolean operators. Two independent investigators collected and screened the studies against the eligibility criteria. Data were analyzed narratively.
EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: Only 7 studies were eligible and included in this review but a wide testing methodology exists. There are some tests commonly adopted in the studies included and these are the handgrip test, the agility t-test, the speed and endurance test. These tests with the 2-site skinfold thickness evaluation, the modified push-ups, the shoulder-stretch test, the chest throw test and the simple reaction time task were included in the standard operating procedure.
CONCLUSIONS: The literature on the topic is poor and standardization of the testing procedure to evaluate the physical fitness of people practicing SV has been provided.


KEY WORDS: Standard operating procedure; SOP, evaluation, disability

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