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The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2021 Dec 09

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.21.13401-2

Copyright © 2021 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

The influence of muscle strength and aerobic fitness on functional recovery in professional soccer

Will ABBOTT 1, Tom CLIFFORD 2

1 Brighton and Hove Albion F.C, American Express Elite Performance Centre, Lancing, UK; 2 School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, UK


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BACKGROUND: Well-developed physical qualities may protect athletes from exercise-induced muscle damage and accelerate recovery following exercise. This study examined the influence of muscle strength and aerobic fitness on recovery from competitive soccer matches.
METHODS: Fourteen players from the English Premier League 2 (Age, 18 ± 1 yrs; height, 1.78 ± 0.54 m; mass, 73.8 ± 6.3 kg) were equally divided (median split) into a higher or lower group for muscle strength and aerobic fitness, according to their isometric mid-thigh pull (IMPT) and maximal aerobic speed test (MAST) scores, respectively. The following markers of recovery were assessed before (48-h pre-match), 12 h (M+1), 36 h (M+2) and 60 h (M+3) after ~3 matches: countermovement jump height (CMJ), reactive strength index (RSI), muscle soreness (DOMS) and wellbeing.
RESULTS: IMTP was positively correlated with the recovery of CMJ, RSI and DOMS following matches (P<0.05). In the high IMTP group, DOMS was lower at M+1 to M+3 (all P≤0.002; ES≥2.10), CMJ was ≥4% greater at M+1 to M+3 (all P≤0.001; ES≥2.21) and RSI was ≥3% higher at M+2 and M+3 (all P≤0037; ES≥1.25). Players in the H-MAST group did not recover quicker for any variable (all P>0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that stronger players recovered quicker after matches and highlights the importance of lowerbody strength training for soccer players.


KEY WORDS: Soccer; Football; Fatigue; Pain; Recovery

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