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The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2021 Jun 22

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.21.12268-6


lingua: Inglese

Jump performance during a season in elite volleyball players

Massimiliano PIATTI 1, 2, 3, 4 , Enrico AMBROSI 5, Gabriele DEDDA 2, Robert J. OMELJANIUK 6, Marco TURATI 1, 3, 4, Marco BIGONI 3, 4, 5, Diego GADDI 1, 2

1 Orthopedic Department, San Gerardo Hospital, University of Milano-Bicocca, Monza, Italy; 2 Powervolley Milano, Milan, Italy; 3 Transalpine Center of Pediatric Sports Medicine and Surgery, University of Milano-Bicocca, Monza, Italy; 4 Hospital Couple Enfant, Grenoble, France; 5 Department of Medicine and Surgery, University of Milano-Bicocca, Monza, Italy; 6 Department of Biology, Lakehead University, Thunder Bay, Canada


BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to measure and compare jump load and dynamic performance in elite volleyball athletes under varied conditions over an entire season of practices and games. Jump load and dynamic performance were compared among (i) best jump height, (ii) mean jump height, as well as according to (iii) the number of jumps per game or practice session and (iv) the proportion of jumps higher than 50 cm relative to the total number of jumps in a practice or game.
METHODS: Every jump performed by each of 12 players, in all practices and regular games (813 player-sessions in total), was measured by a particle accelerometer in accordance with a validated protocol (Vert®). Data were collected and analysed using STATA; the significance level for definition of confidence intervals was set to 95%, unless otherwise specified. Statistical analysis and comparison of means and proportions between groups was based on standard t-tests.
RESULTS: Among player positions, the Middle Blocker consistently presented the greatest jump loads during the season; by comparison, the smallest jump loads were observed in the Setter.
CONCLUSIONS: Monitoring players' jump loads and performance using a simple accelerometer provides evidence which can be used to plan individual player activity, roster composition, the season calendar and furthermore increase knowledge to reduce over-training and recurrence of injuries.

KEY WORDS: Volleyball; Prevention; Injuries

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