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The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2021 May 24

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.21.12427-2


lingua: Inglese

Pre-season in soccer: a paradox between a high volume of technical/tactical training and improvement in the neuromuscular performance of elite women soccer players

Ronaldo KOBAL 1, 2 , Leonardo CARVALHO 1, Cesar C. ABAD 3, Bruno FAUST 2, Marcelo ROSSETTI 2, Tiemi SAITO 2, Rafael R. KLOSTERHOFF 2, Eduardo O. De SOUZA 4, Renato BARROSO 1

1 School of Physical Education, University of Campinas, Campinas, Brazil; 2 Sport Club Corinthians Paulista, São Paulo, Brazil; 3 Faculty Lusofona of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil; 4 University of Tampa, Tampa, FL, USA


BACKGROUND: there is a paradox between the development of strength-power abilities and the high volume of technical/tactical training in elite soccer players during the pre-season. This concurrent effect between aerobic and neuromuscular training regimes induce impairment in power performance.
METHODS: this study aimed to investigate the effect of an equalized program of strength-power training (4-5 sessions/week) and soccer training (4-6 sessions/week) in power and aerobic performance during 8-weeks of pre-season in elite women soccer players. Vertical jumps [squat jump (SJ); countermovement jump (CMJ)] and Yo-Yo intermittent recovery level 1 test (YOYO-R1) were assessed pre- and post pre-season. A paired sample t-test was used to compare differences between pre and post pre-season (Δ%). The level of significance was established at p ≤ 0.05.
RESULTS: the women soccer players improved the SJ (p<0.001; Δ%=12), CMJ (p<0.001; Δ%=8.5), and YOYO-R1 (p<0.001; Δ% =28.5). There was a body recomposition observed, lower body fat (p = 0.004; Δ%=15), higher fat free mass (p = 0.001; Δ%=5).
CONCLUSIONS: our results demonstrated that it is possible to develop aerobic and power abilities of elite women soccer players during pre-season using an equalized ratio of soccer training and strength-power training schedules.

KEY WORDS: Strength training; Concurrent effect; Aerobic capacity; Professional players

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