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The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2021 Feb 23

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.21.10942-9

Copyright © 2021 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

Physical training in outdoor fitness gym improves blood pressure, physical fitness and quality of life of hypertensive patients: randomized controlled trial

Silvia B. BARUKI 1, 2, Maria Imaculada de LIMA MONTEBELLO 3, Eli M. PAZZIANOTTO-FORTI 4

1 Faculty of Health Sciences, Post-Graduate Program in Human Movement Sciences, Methodist University of Piracicaba (UNIMEP), Piracicaba, SP, Brazil; 2 Faculty of Physical Education, Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul (UFMS), Corumbá, MS, Brazil; 3 Faculty of Health Sciences, Post-Graduate Program in Human Movement Sciences, Faculty of Management and Business, Methodist University of Piracicaba (UNIMEP), Piracicaba, SP, Brazil; 4 Faculty of Health Sciences, Graduate Program in Physiotherapy, Post-Graduate Program in Human Movement Sciences, Methodist University of Piracicaba (UNIMEP), Piracicaba, SP, Brazil


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BACKGROUND: Hypertension is risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, which is the leading cause of death worldwide. In addition to drug treatment, exercise is an important non-drug resource for the control of hypertension in function by hypotension post exercise. The study evaluated the effects of two physical exercise programs in outdoor fitness gym (OFG).
METHODS: Twenty-nine hypertensive adults were randomized to one of two physical training group, utilizing a circuit (CTG) (n=10) or sets (STG) (n= 10), or a control group (CG) (n=9). The CTG and STG performed 16-week of physical exercise, at OFG. The CG did not participate in a physical exercise program. After 16-weeks, all participants were evaluated of anthropometric measurements, physical fitness (6-Minute Walk Test; Sit-to-Stand; Sit-and-Reach); systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP); and quality of life (Short-Form 36).
RESULTS: There was reduction of neck and hip circumference in CTG; body mass index and body mass in STG. Physical fitness increased in STG and CTG. The greater flexibility was observed in STG compared to CG (p=0.042) and CTG (p=0.037). SBP and DBP decreased in CTG and STG. Reduction in DBP was more effective in STG compared to CTG (p = 0.031). Quality of life improved in total score in CTG (p=0.021); and in mental control in STG, compared to CTG (p=0.036).
CONCLUSIONS: Both interventions improved physical fitness, blood pressure, and quality of life, suggesting that physical training in OFG can promote health in adults with hypertension.


KEY WORDS: Abdominal circumference; Body mass index; Cardiovascular diseases; Hypertension; Obesity

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