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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS

Rivista di Medicina, Traumatologia e Psicologia dello Sport


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The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2018 Mar 27

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.18.08136-7

Copyright © 2018 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

Physical fitness characteristics of Omani primary school children according to body mass index

Anne DELEXTRAT 1 , Lawrence HAYES 2, Samia S. AL GHANNAMI 3, Yoeju MIN 4, Izzeldin HUSSEIN 3, Hamed AL OUFI 5, Daniel D. COHEN 6, Kebreab GHEBREMESKEL 4

1 Sport and Health Science Department, Oxford Brookes University, UK; 2 Department of Medical and Sport Sciences, University of Cumbria, Lancaster, UK; 3 Department of Nutrition, Ministry of Health, Muscat, Oman; 4 Lipidomics and Nutrition Research Centre, School of Life Sciences, London Metropolitan University, London, UK; 5 Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries Wealth, Muscat, Oman; 6 Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Santander (UDES), Bucaramanga, Colombia


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BACKGROUND: There is evidence that children with high cardiorespiratory fitness and normal body mass index (BMI) have less risk of non communicable diseases (NCDs), however limited research was undertaken in Omani children. Therefore the aims of the present study were to describe body composition and physical fitness of a large cohort of Omani school children of both genders, and to investigate the effects of weight status on physical fitness.
METHODS: Three hundred and fourteen Omani school children aged 9 to 10 years old took part in anthropometric assessments, body composition and fitness tests, including handgrip strength, the basketball chest pass, broad jump, 20-m sprint, four 10-m shuttle agility, 30-s sit-up, and multistage fitness test (MSFT).
RESULTS: Obese boys and girls performed worse than normal-weight children in sprint, agility and endurance. In addition, fitness measures in the overweight group and underweight groups were not significantly different from other groups, except a better handgrip strength and poorer MSFT in overweight compared to normal weight girls, and poorer agility performance in underweight girls compared to the three other groups.
CONCLUSIONS: Most fitness measures are lower in obese Omani children, which suggests that they will be more at risk of developing NCDs later in life.


KEY WORDS: Strength - Power - Agility - Endurance - Body fat

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Publication History

Article first published online: March 27, 2018
Manuscript accepted: March 9, 2018
Manuscript revised: February 13, 2018
Manuscript received: September 5, 2017

Per citare questo articolo

Delextrat A, Hayes L, Al Ghannami SS, Min Y, Hussein I, Al Oufi H, et al. Physical fitness characteristics of Omani primary school children according to body mass index. J Sports Med Phys Fitness 2018 Mar 27. DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.18.08136-7

Corresponding author e-mail

adelextrat@brookes.ac.uk