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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS

Rivista di Medicina, Traumatologia e Psicologia dello Sport


Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2018 Jan 04

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.18.08018-0

Copyright © 2018 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

Comprehensive overview of haemoglobin mass and blood volume in elite athletes across a wide range of different sporting disciplines

Irina ZELENKOVA , Sergey ZOTKIN, Pavel KORNEEV, Sergey KOPROV, Alexandr GRUSHIN

Russian Olympic Committee Innovation Centre, Moscow, Russia


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BACKGROUND:Comparison of total haemoglobin mass (tHb-mass) and blood volume (BV) across elite athletes different sporting specialisations.
METHODS: 222 members of Russian national teams from 12 different disciplines and non Olympic competitive season for tHb-mass, BV, plasma volume (PV), haemoglobin concentration (Hb), and hematocrit level (Hct) determination. tHb-mass measurements were performed using CO-rebreathing technique, alongside Hb and Hct (capillary blood).
RESULTS: In elite endurance athletes, both and female values for tHb-mass, BV and PV, were significantly technical sports and untrained subjects. The highest values of relative tHb-mass across all 15 groups were found in cross-country skiers (15.1 ± 0.1 g/kg) and cyclists (15.0 ± 0.5 g/kg). In the anaerobic group the highest value of tHb-mass was within the short-track group - i.e. 12.9 ± 0.5 g/kg which was significantly lower than in cycling. In all aerobic groups, anaerobic and breath-hold divers we found significant difference in relative tHb-mass compared to untrained subjects. The difference between relative tHb-mass in the cycling group and untrained subjects was 31.3%, 17% for short track, 30.1% for handball and 33.5% for motor sport. For the largest group (biathlon) we performed correlation analysis for males and females with competitive performance and found relationship in both groups (p < 0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: The study clearly demonstrates the difference between endurance competitive aerobic performance.


KEY WORDS: Total haemoglobin mass - Elite endurance athletes - Co-rebreathing method - Blood volume

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Publication History

Article first published online: January 4, 2018
Manuscript accepted: January 2, 2018
Manuscript revised: December 5, 2017
Manuscript received: August 1, 2017

Per citare questo articolo

Zelenkova I, Zotkin S, Korneev P, Koprov S, Grushin A. Comprehensive overview of haemoglobin mass and blood volume in elite athletes across a wide range of different sporting disciplines. J Sports Med Phys Fitness 2018 Jan 04. DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.18.08018-0

Corresponding author e-mail

irenenarycheva@gmail.com