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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS

Rivista di Medicina, Traumatologia e Psicologia dello Sport


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The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2018 Jan 04

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.18.07934-3

Copyright © 2018 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

Comparison between traditional strength training and complex contrast training on soccer players

Juliano SPINETI 1, 2, 3 , Tiago FIGUEIREDO 1, 2, 4, Jeffrey M. WILLARDSON 5, Viviane BASTOS de OLIVEIRA 6, Marcio ASSIS 3, Liliam FERNANDES DE OLIVEIRA 2, 6, Humberto MIRANDA 2, Victor MACHADO de RIBEIRO REIS 1, Roberto SIMAO 1, 2

1 Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro University, Department of Sport Science, Exercise and Health, Vila Real, Portugal; 2 Rio de Janeiro Federal University, School of Physical Education and Sports, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; 3 Department of Sport Science, Fluminense Football Club, RJ, Brazil; 4 Universidade Estácio de Sá, Physical Education Graduation Program, Macaé, RJ, Brazil; 5 Kinesiology and Sports Studies Department, Eastern Illinois University, Charleston, Illinois, USA; 6 Programa de Engenharia Biomédica, COPPE/UFRJ, RJ, Brazil


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BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare traditional strength training (TST) versus and contrast training (CCT) on sprint, change of direction speed (COD) and squat jump (SJ) in young male soccer players.
METHODS: Twenty-two soccer players (age: 18.4 ± 0.4 years, body mass: 70.2 ± 9.1 kg, height: 179.9 ± 7.5 cm), were randomly assigned to one of two groups: TST (n=12) and CCT (n = 10). The study was conducted using a randomized experimental design over an eight- week period. The participants assigned to the CCT group performed high-power exercises paired with high-velocity exercises. The participants assigned to the TST group performed resistance exercises in a straight-set forma. During the study period, sprint tests for 5, 10, 20 and 30 m split times, COD and SJ were applied. A two-way ANOVA was applied, and the alpha level was p <0.05.
RESULTS: The results demonstrated that the CCT regimen elicited significant within-group differences in 5 m sprint time (1.032 s to 0.997 s, pre- and post-intervention, respectively, effect size (ES) = -0.5, medium; p = 0.04), COD (5.963 s to 5.639 s, pre- and post-intervention, respectively, ES = -2.7, large; p<0.001) and SJ (30.9 cm to 34.4 cm, pre- and post-intervention, respectively, ES = 0.8, large; p<0.001). Conversely, the TST did not elicit significant within-group differences for any of the dependent variables.
CONCLUSIONS: No differences were found between post-test time point. In conclusion, the CCT protocol could be used to improve sprint, in male soccer players.


KEY WORDS: Resistance training - Power training - Performance - Speed

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Publication History

Article first published online: January 4, 2018
Manuscript accepted: January 2, 2018
Manuscript revised: December 7, 2017
Manuscript received: July 7, 2017

Per citare questo articolo

Spineti J, Figueiredo T, Willardson JM, Bastos De Oliveira V, Assis M, Fernandes De Oliveira L, et al. Comparison between traditional strength training and complex contrast training on soccer players. J Sports Med Phys Fitness 2018 Jan 04. DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.18.07934-3

Corresponding author e-mail

juliano.spineti@hotmail.com