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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS

Rivista di Medicina, Traumatologia e Psicologia dello Sport


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The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2017 Dec 15

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.17.07872-0

Copyright © 2017 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

Impact of two hydrogymnastics class methodologies on the functional capacity and flexibility of elderly women

Osvaldo COSTA MOREIRA 1, 2 , Grazielle S. LOPES 3, Dihogo G. de MATOS 4, Mauro L. MAZINI-FILHO 5, Felipe J. AIDAR 6, Sandro FERNANDES da SILVA 7, Claudia E. PATROCINIO de OLIVEIRA 2, 3

1 Institute of Biological Sciences and Health, Federal University of Viçosa, Campus Florestal, Minas Gerais, Brazil; 2 Institute of Biomedicine, University of Leon, Leon, Spain; 3 Department of Physical Education, Federal University of Viçosa, Campus Viçosa, Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil; 4 Department of Sports Science, Exercise and Health of the Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro University, Vila Real, Portugal; 5 Physical Education Graduate Program, Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais, Brazil; 6 Department of Physical Education, Graduate Program in Physical Education, Federal University of Sergipe, São Cristóvão, Sergipe, Brazil; 7 Department of Physical Education, Federal University of Lavras, Lavras, Minas Gerais, Brazil


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BACKGROUND: Activities in the aquatic environment can be an interesting alternative of physical exercise for the elderly, due to several properties of water, which can favor the physiological, metabolic, perceptive, and musculoskeletal effects.
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of performing two hydrogymnastic class methodologies on the functional capacity and flexibility in elderly women.
METHODS: 90 women, aged 55-70 years, were divided into three groups, the Control Group (CG; n= 30) who did not exercise during the 12 weeks, Experimental Group 1 (EG1; n= 30), who performed water gymnastics classes with emphasis on lower limb exercises for 12 weeks, and Experimental Group 2 (EG2; n= 30), who performed conventional hydrogymnastics classes for 12 weeks. The volunteers were evaluated through the 30-second chair stand (30CST), 2-minute step test (2MST), timed up and go (TUG), static balance (SB) and chair sit-and-reach (CSR) tests.
RESULTS: In the intragroup comparison, there were significant improvements in the performance of 30CST tests (F=5.5, p=0.022), TUG (F=19.3, p<0.001), SB (F=5.3, p=0.025), and CSR (F=12.0, p=0.001) in EG1 and EG2. For intergroup comparisons, the EG1 presented better results than CG in CST (p<0.05). The EG2, presented better results than CG in CST, TUG, SB and CSR (p<0.05).There were no significant differences for the comparison between EG1 and EG2.
CONCLUSIONS: It was concluded that 12 weeks of hydrogymnastics practice improved the functional capacity and flexibility of the elderly women evaluated, and no differences were found between the two types of methodologies used.


KEY WORDS: Aged - Women - Muscle Strength - Range of Motion

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Publication History

Article first published online: December 15, 2017
Manuscript accepted: December 5, 2017
Manuscript revised: November 22, 2017
Manuscript received: June 13, 2017

Per citare questo articolo

Costa Moreira O, Lopes GS, Matos DG, Mazini-Filho ML, Aidar FJ, Silva SF, et al. Impact of two hydrogymnastics class methodologies on the functional capacity and flexibility of elderly women. J Sports Med Phys Fitness 2017 Dec 15. DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.17.07872-0

Corresponding author e-mail

osvaldo.moreira@ufv.br