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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS

Rivista di Medicina, Traumatologia e Psicologia dello Sport


Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2017 Oct 27

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.17.07859-8

Copyright © 2017 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

Acute neuromuscular, cognitive and physiological responses to a Japanese kickboxing competition in semi-professional fighters

Giuseppe CIMADORO

School of Sport Health and Applied Science, Strength and Conditioning Science, St Mary’s University Twickenham, London, UK


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BACKGROUND: Japanese kickboxing is a combat sport designed to accommodate fighters from different combat sports styles. However, the physiological profile of this discipline is unknown. Therefore, this study describes the neuromuscular, metabolic and cognitive responses to an official Japanese kickboxing (K-1) fight in 8 kickboxers.
METHODS: Measurements before and after the competition involved a simple reaction time test (SRT), countermovement jump (CMJ), blood lactate (BLA) and rating of perceived exertion (RPE). Additionally, each participant’s volume of strikes was extracted from a match-analysis.
RESULTS: CMJ height was unaffected by the fight (p = 0.230 max; p = 0.208 mean). SRT increased post-fight (p = 0.0036). Peak BLA concentration was 15.3 ± 1.6 mmol·L-1 at 2 minutes post-fight. RPE increased post-fight (p < 0.001). Match-analysis showed 86 ± 23 total blows. For rounds 1, 2, and 3, blow distribution was 32.7%, 32.6% and 34.7%, respectively. Total punches were significantly greater (p < 0.001) than kneestrikes. Total kicks were also significantly greater than knee-strikes (p = 0.002). No difference was found between numbers of punches and kicks (p = 0.952). There was a positive correlation (p = 0.029; r = 0.76) between the sum of all strikes in the first two rounds and ΔBLA.
CONCLUSIONS: The data obtained here indicate that K-1 fighters need to improve tolerance to lactate accumulation to perform greater number of actions. Furthermore, the results of this study suggest that CMJ height was not sensitive to specific fatigue induced by fighting.


KEY WORDS: Fatigue - Fighting - Lactate - Countermovement jump - Reaction time

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Publication History

Article first published online: October 27, 2017
Manuscript accepted: October 16, 2017
Manuscript revised: October 13, 2017
Manuscript received: June 8, 2017

Per citare questo articolo

Cimadoro G. Acute neuromuscular, cognitive and physiological responses to a Japanese kickboxing competition in semi-professional fighters. J Sports Med Phys Fitness 2017 Oct 27. DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.17.07859-8

Corresponding author e-mail

giuseppe.cimadoro@stmarys.ac.uk