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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS

Rivista di Medicina, Traumatologia e Psicologia dello Sport


Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2017 Sep 29

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.17.07878-1

Copyright © 2017 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

A cross-sectional study to examine the association between self-reported sleep and the frequency, duration and intensity of exercise

Sigbjørn LITLESKARE 1, Arild VAKTSKJOLD 2, 3, Svein BARENE 3

1 Department of Sports and Physical Education, Faculty of Public Health, Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences, Elverum, Norway; 2 Stab Helse, Department of Research, Innlandet Hospital Trust, Brumunddal, Norway; 3 Department of Dental Care and Public Health, Faculty of Public Health, Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences, Elverum, Norway


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BACKGROUND: Insufficient sleep is associated with increased risk of several health concerns. Although physical activity is generally considered to improve sleep, the influence of different levels of exercise frequency, duration and intensity respectively, has not been sufficiently examined to allow specific recommendations to the general population. Therefore, our aim was to evaluate the association between different levels of the three cardinal characteristics of exercise and sleep disturbance.
METHODS: Data were collected through a Norwegian comprehensive self-report survey. A total of 3763 respondents (46 % males, 54 % females) with an average age of 47.9 years (range 15-93) completed the questionnaire, whereof 13.7 % were categorised as poor sleepers. The exercise characteristics and sleep disturbance were measured on a 6 to 8 and a 4-item Likert scale, respectively.
RESULTS: Respondents reporting intermediate levels of exercise frequency, duration and intensity, respectively, had a significantly lower occurrence of sleep disturbance compared to respondents with a sedentary lifestyle. No statistical difference in sleep disturbance was observed between respondents performing exercise corresponding to the lowest and highest levels of the three exercise characteristics and those who were sedentary.
CONCLUSIONS: The lack of positive association between the lowest and highest levels of the cardinal exercise characteristic and reduction in sleep disturbance revealed in the present study support a recommendation of intermediate levels of exercise frequency, duration and intensity for preventing sleep disturbance in the general population.


KEY WORDS: Sleep disorders - Physical activity - Exercise characteristics

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Publication History

Article first published online: September 29, 2017
Manuscript accepted: September 25, 2017
Manuscript revised: September 5, 2017
Manuscript received: June 14, 2017

Per citare questo articolo

Litleskare S, Vaktskjold A, Barene S. A cross-sectional study to examine the association between self-reported sleep and the frequency, duration and intensity of exercise. J Sports Med Phys Fitness 2017 Sep 29. DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.17.07878-1

Corresponding author e-mail

svein.barene@inn.no