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The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2021 December;61(12):1668-74

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.21.11977-2


lingua: Inglese

Inflammation, muscle damage and postrace physical activity following a mountain ultramarathon

Ignacio MARTÍNEZ-NAVARRO 1, 2 , Eladio COLLADO 3, Carla HERNANDO 4, Barbara HERNANDO 5, Carlos HERNANDO 6, 7

1 Department of Physical Education and Sports, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain; 2 Unit of Sports Health, 9 de Octubre Hospital, Valencia, Spain; 3 Faculty of Health Sciences, Jaume I University, Castellon, Spain; 4 Department of Mathematics, Carlos III University, Madrid, Spain; 5 Department of Medicine, Jaume I University, Castellon, Spain; 6 Sport Service, Jaume I University, Castellon, Spain; 7 Department of Education and Specific Didactics, Jaume I University, Castellon, Spain

BACKGROUND: The study aimed at exploring whether muscle membrane disruption, as a surrogate for muscle damage, and inflammation recovery following a mountain ultramarathon (MUM) was related with race performance and postrace physical activity.
METHODS: Blood samples were obtained from thirty-four athletes (29 men and 5 women) before a 118-km MUM, immediately after and three- and seven-days postrace. Creatine kinase (CK), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and C-reactive protein (CRP) were compared between faster (FR) and slower (SR) runners. Physical activity performed during the week following the MUM was objectively analyzed using accelerometers and compared between FR and SR.
RESULTS: CK was significantly higher in FR at 3 days postrace (P<0.012, d=1.17) and LDH was significantly higher in FR at 3- and 7-days postrace (P=0.005, d=1.01; P<0.015, d=1.05 respectively), as compared to SR. No significant differences were identified in postrace physical activity levels between FR and SR. Significant relationships were found between race time and CK and LDH concentrations at 3 days postrace (rs=-0.41, P=0.017; rs=-0.52, P=0.002 respectively) and 7 days postrace (rs=-0.36, P=0.039; rs=-0.46. P=0.007 respectively). However, postrace physical activity was not associated with muscle damage and inflammation recovery, except for light intensity and CRP at 3 days postrace (rs=-0.40, P=0.025).
CONCLUSIONS: Race time appeared to have a higher influence on muscle damage recovery than the intensity of physical activities performed in the week after running a MUM. Inflammatory activity takes longer to normalize than muscle damage following a MUM, it is not related with race time and lightly related with postrace physical activity.

KEY WORDS: Accelerometry; Creatine kinase; L-Lactate Dehydrogenase; C-reactive protein

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