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The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2021 April;61(4):512-8

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.20.11313-6


lingua: Inglese

The relationship between age and fitness profiles in elite male ice hockey players

Jeppe F. VIGH-LARSEN 1 , Marko T. HAVERINEN 2, 3, Christian B. KNUDSEN 1, Aleksander DAASBJERG 1, Jonas H. BECK 1, Kristian OVERGAARD 1, Magni MOHR 4, 5, Thomas B. ANDERSEN 1

1 Research Unit for Exercise Biology, Department of Public Health, University of Aarhus, Aarhus, Denmark; 2 Biology of Physical Activity, Faculty of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland; 3 Varala Sports Institute, Tampere, Finland; 4 Department of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, SDU Sport and Health Sciences Cluster (SHSC), Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark; 5 Center of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Science, University of the Faroe Islands, Tórshavn, Faroe Islands

BACKGROUND: The present study investigated relationships between age, body composition and performance in elite male ice hockey players.
METHODS: 199 players performed off-ice tests (countermovement jump height (CMJ) and body composition) and on-ice tests (5-10-5 Pro Agility test, 30-m sprint test and the maximal Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery Ice Hockey test (Yo-Yo IR1-IHMAX) for assessment of aerobic capacity.
RESULTS: No overall correlations between age and performance were present except small-moderate positive associations between age and body- and muscle mass (r=0.24-0.30, P≤0.05). The youngest age group (YOU; 18-21 years) were 4-9% lighter than all other age groups and possessed 7% less muscle mass compared to the oldest players (OLD; 30-33 years) (P≤0.05), whereas no differences were present in body fat percentage. OLD were 2-3% inferior to the second youngest (SEC; 22-25 years) and mid-age group (MID; 26-29 years) in sprint and agility performance in addition to a 6-10% lower CMJ height (P≤0.05). The younger age groups differed only by a 7 and 5% better CMJ performance in MID compared to YOU and SEC, respectively (P≤0.05). In contrast, no differences were found in distance covered on the Yo-Yo IR1-IHmax.
CONCLUSIONS: Only small-moderate associations between age and body composition were present unlike for the remaining performance parameters. Nevertheless, a consistently lower high-intensity exercise performance was evident in the oldest- and a lower body weight in the youngest players, whereas aerobic capacity was similar. This suggests that capabilities related to size, strength and power are the most critical parameters differing between young and old ice hockey players.

KEY WORDS: Athletic performance; Hockey; Sports; Adolescent

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