Home > Riviste > The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness > Fascicoli precedenti > The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2020 November;60(11) > The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2020 November;60(11):1423-30

ULTIMO FASCICOLO
 

JOURNAL TOOLS

eTOC
Per abbonarsi PROMO
Sottometti un articolo
Segnala alla tua biblioteca
 

ARTICLE TOOLS

Publication history
Estratti
Permessi
Per citare questo articolo

 

ORIGINAL ARTICLE  EXERCISE PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOMECHANICS 

The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2020 November;60(11):1423-30

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.20.11011-9

Copyright © 2020 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

Changes in bench press performance and throwing velocity after strength-oriented and ballistic resistance training programs

Jesualdo CUEVAS-ABURTO 1, Danica JANICIJEVIC 2 , Alejandro PÉREZ-CASTILLA 3, Luis J. CHIROSA-RÍOS 3, Amador GARCÍA-RAMOS 1, 3

1 Department of Sports Sciences and Physical Conditioning, Faculty of Education, Universidad Católica de la Santísima Concepción (UCSC), Concepción, Chile; 2 Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, The Research Centre, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia; 3 Department of Physical Education and Sport, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Granada, Granada, Spain



BACKGROUND: This study aimed to compare the effect of two upper-body resistance training programs (strength-oriented vs. ballistic) on bench press (BP) performance and handball throwing velocity (HTV).
METHODS: Thirty resistance-trained males were randomly assigned to a strength-oriented training group (STG) or a ballistic training group (BTG). The study consisted of 11 sessions: 2 pre-tests (week 1), 8 training sessions (weeks 2-5), and 1 post-test (week 6). The STG performed the BP at the 70-90% of the one-repetition maximum (1RM), and the BTG the BP throw at the 40% of 1RM. BP performance (BP 1RM and maximum velocity achieved against 20 kg [BP20]) and HTV were assessed before and after training.
RESULTS: The STG enhanced BP 1RM (effect size [ES]=0.24) but not BP20 (ES=0.21) or HTV (ES=0.10). The BTG enhanced BP20 (ES=0.63) but not BP1RM (ES=0.27) or HTV (ES=0.02). HTV was not significantly correlated with the BP 1RM (r≤0.181) or BP20 (r≤0.220).
CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that a short-term RT program based exclusively on the BP exercise performed against either heavy (strength-oriented) or light loads (ballistic) is not effective to increase HTV in resistance-trained men with little handball experience.


KEY WORDS: Resistance training; Transfer, psychology; Muscle stretching exercises

inizio pagina