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ORIGINAL ARTICLE  EPIDEMIOLOGY AND CLINICAL MEDICINE 

The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2020 September;60(9):1283-90

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.20.10995-2

Copyright © 2020 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

Different types of functional training on the functionality and quality of life in postmenopausal women: a randomized and controlled trial

José C. ARAGÃO-SANTOS , Antônio G. de RESENDE-NETO, Marzo E. DA SILVA-GRIGOLETTO

Department of Physical Education, Federal University of Sergipe, São Cristóvão, Brazil



BACKGROUND: Physical exercise is widely recommended for improving physical fitness. However, the most effective training method in improving the daily life of postmenopausal women is not clear. Therefore, this study compares different ways of functional training, focused on the task, and directed to the physical abilities on the functionality and quality of life of the postmenopausal women.
METHODS: Forty-seven participants were randomly assigned into three groups: element-based functional training (EBFT); task-specific-based functional training (TSBFT); and the control group (CG). The intervention lasted fourteen weeks, with three weekly sessions stimulating several physical valences in the same session. The global functionality, functional reach, gait speed, handgrip strength, jumping ability, and quality of life before and after the intervention were evaluated.
RESULTS: A similar increase was detected in both experimental groups for the variables-analyzed when compared to the initial moment (P<0.05), except in the dynamic postural control (P>0.05), which showed no difference. However, in the tests of rising from the floor and handgrip strength, only the task-specific-based functional training showed difference over time (P<0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: Functional training protocols improve the performance in daily activities of postmenopausal women. However, task-specific-based functional training is more effective when compared to the control group in the analyzed variables.


KEY WORDS: Aging; Exercise; Resistance training; Health; Personal autonomy

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