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ORIGINAL ARTICLE  BODY COMPOSITION, NUTRITION AND SUPPLEMENTATION 

The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2020 June;60(6):855-63

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.19.09857-8

Copyright © 2019 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

The effect of aerobic plus resistance training associated with a long-term interdisciplinary weight loss program on visceral fat and isokinetic parameters in adolescents with obesity

Raquel MUNHOZ da SILVEIRA CAMPOS 1, 2 , Carlos E. MOREIRA 3, Patrícia LEÃO da SILVA 4, Deborah C. LANDI MASQUIO 5, Flávia CAMPOS CORGOSINHO 4, Ana C. PELISSARI KRAVCHYCHYN 3, Sofia E. de CASTRO FERREIRA VICENTE 3, Lian TOCK 6, Sergio TUFIK 7, Marco T. de MELLO 8, Ana R. DÂMASO 3

1 Department of Biosciences, Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP), Campus Baixada Santista, Santos, Brazil; 2 Post Graduate Program of Interdisciplinary Health Sciences, Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP), Campus Baixada Santista, Santos, Brazil; 3 Post Graduate Program of Nutrition, Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP), Campus São Paulo, Brazil; 4 Universidade Federal de Goiás (UFG), Goiânia, Brazil; 5 Centro Universitário São Camilo, São Paulo, Brazil; 6 Obesity Study Group, Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP), Campus São Paulo, SP, Brazil; 7 Department of Psychobiology, Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP), São Paulo, Brazil; 8 School of Physical Education, Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, Brazil



BACKGROUND: Obesity can lead to a number of alterations in biomechanical structures. We aimed to assess the effect of aerobic plus resistance training associated with an interdisciplinary approach on visceral fat and isokinetic parameters in a long-term weight loss therapy program.
METHODS: Forty-four postpubertal obese adolescents were involved in the 1-year interdisciplinary weight loss therapy program (clinical, nutritional, psychological and physical training). Body composition, and visceral and subcutaneous fat were measured by DXA absorptiometry and ultrasonography, respectively. Peak torque was analyzed using an isokinetic dynamometer. Statistical analysis was performed using t-tests to assess the effect of the intervention.
RESULTS: There was a significant reduction in body fat with an inverse increase in lean mass. Positive correlations were observed between peak torque and lean body mass and negative correlations with visceral fat, gynoid fat mass, arm fat mass and subcutaneous fat.
CONCLUSIONS: An interdisciplinary weight loss program can reduce body fat and increase peak torque and improve muscle strength. The results reinforce the importance of this kind of approach to treat obesity and improve the quality of life in this population.


KEY WORDS: Obesity; Intra-abdominal fat; Adolescent

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