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The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2020 June;60(6):848-54

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.20.10471-7


lingua: Inglese

Immediate, short and medium-term effects of orthopedic insoles with a metatarsal retro-capital bar on biomechanical variables, plantar pressures and muscle activity in running

Stéphane VERMAND 1, 2, 3 , Sébastien DUC 2, Frank-Jourdan FERRARI 1, Philippe JOLY 1

1 Performance, Health, Measurement Society (PSMS), University of Reims Champagne-Ardennes, Reims, France; 2 Podiatrist Office and Postural Study, Amiens, France; 3 Association of Sport’s Podiatrist Podo’kygèm, Tourcoing, France

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of 12 weeks of use of orthopedic insoles equipped with a metatarsal retro-capital bar (MRCB) on plantar pressure under the feet and lower limb kinematic variables during running.
METHODS: Two groups of 10 runners used for 12 weeks while running orthopedic insoles without correction or equipped with a MRCB. All participants performed successively a standing posture (CoP displacement) test and a running test at 11 km.h-1 (lower limb kinematic variables) using with flat insoles and orthopedic neutral or MRCB insoles at the beginning (T0), after 4 (T4) and 12 weeks (T12) of use.
RESULTS: For the MRCB group, CoP moved backwards while forefoot plantar pressure was decreased during standing position at T4 and T12 compared to T0. During running, the plantar pressure under the 2nd, 3rd and 4th metatarsal heads was reduced with MRCB at T0, T4 and T12. The one under the 1st metatarsal head was decreased at T4 and T12, when MRCB or flat insoles were used. The maximal extension and the total amplitude of ankle were slightly increased at T4 and T12 with or without wearing MRCB insoles. Similar changes in knee joint kinematics were observed but only at T12. Any significant changes were found in runners that used orthopedic insoles without correction.
CONCLUSIONS: Orthopedic insoles equipped with MRCB involve lower plantar pressure under the metatarsal heads, which may be of interest to treat forefoot injuries in runners.

KEY WORDS: Running; Foot orthoses; Biomechanical phenomena; Podiatry

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