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The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2020 May;60(5):713-9

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.20.10490-0


lingua: Inglese

The effects of straight and alternating sets on volume load, training efficiency, and metabolic response in grapplers

Wesley R. BELO 1, Karsten ØVRETVEIT 2 , Belmiro F. DE SALLES 1, Luiz G. dos SANTOS 1, Fabrício M. RIBEIRO 1, Ingrid B. DIAS 1, Roberto SIMÃO 1

1 School of Physical Education and Sports, Physical Education Postgraduate Program, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; 2 Department of Public Health and Nursing, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, Norway

BACKGROUND: The importance of strength in Brazilian jiu-jitsu (BJJ) has inspired several recommendations of resistance training (RT) in BJJ athletes, yet little is known about their responses to different RT approaches. Thus, we aimed to investigate volume, efficiency, and fatigue responses in two popular RT protocols.
METHODS: In a randomized crossover design, 12 male BJJ athletes (mean age: 24.5±3.1 years; height: 175±5 cm; body mass: 77.1±12.9 kg; body fat: 14.3±5.7%; BMI: 24.8±3.0) completed two separate RT protocols consisting of the same exercises performed either as straight sets (TRAD) or alternating sets (AST) for three sets to failure with a previously established 10-repetition maximum (10RM) load. Maximal number of repetitions (MNR), training duration, volume load (VL), and training efficiency (TE = VL/time), rating of perceived exertion (RPE), and blood lactate concentration (LAC) were assessed in each protocol.
RESULTS: MNR decreased steadily from first to last sets for all exercises, with no difference between protocols (P>0.05), resulting in the same VL. The shorter duration of AST resulted in increased TE (P<0.001), which was accompanied by higher RPE (P<0.001) and LAC (P<0.05), as well as higher session perceived load (P<0.01).
CONCLUSIONS: Given the role of VL as a driver of RT adaptations, both approaches may be suitable for improvements in strength and hypertrophy. The distinct differences in duration and metabolic response should be considered when implementing RT alongside regular sport training.

KEY WORDS: Resistance training; Martial arts; Lactates; Athletes; Physical exertion

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