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ORIGINAL ARTICLE  SPORT INJURIES AND REHABILITATION 

The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2020 January;60(1):119-24

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.19.09753-6

Copyright © 2019 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

Injury patterns after skiing and snowboarding sports accidents

Sanne C. MAAT 1 , Floriana S. LUPPINO 2, Inger B. SCHIPPER 1, Pieta KRIJNEN 1, Kornelis A. BARTLEMA 1

1 Department of Trauma Surgery, Leiden University Medical Centre, Leiden, the Netherlands; 2 Eurocross Assistance, Leiden, the Netherlands



BACKGROUND: Alpine sports are associated with risk of serious injuries. To gain insight into factors that may help reduce injury severity, accident characteristics and injury patterns were analyzed in a cohort of injured skiers and snowboarders.
METHODS: All patients with Alpine sports-related injuries, reporting the injury to a leading medical assistance organization in the Netherlands in the period of 2013-2016, were contacted. Medical data were collected from the patients’ files. Only ski and snowboard incidents were included. Injuries were classified according to the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) and Injury Severity Scale (ISS). Data on the accident conditions, i.e. risk factors, were collected using retrospective patient-reported questionnaires. Risk factors for injuries with ISS≥9 were analysed by multivariate modelling.
RESULTS: Of the 1588 included patients, 421 patients filled out the questionnaire. Skiers (N.=1370) had more knee injuries (20.4% vs. 7.4%, P<0.001), femur fractures (5.3% vs. 0.5%, P=0.002) and lower leg fractures (27.5% vs. 11.5%, P<0.001) compared to snowboarders (N.=218). Skiers were also more seriously injured (ISS>9) (P=0.01). Injured snowboarders sustained more brain concussions (8.8% vs. 15.7%, P=0.003) and lower arm fractures (5.4% vs. 16.1%, P<0.001). Only ‘a higher skills level’ was borderline significant for predicting serious injury (OR: 4.0 95% CI: 0.86-18.50; P=0.08). No additional risk factors were identified.
CONCLUSIONS: Injury patterns after skiing and snowboarding accidents differ, injury severity differed not. Preventive measures should therefore aim to protect specific body parts depending on the type of Alpine sport. Experienced skiers and snowboarders may be more at risk for serious injuries.


KEY WORDS: Snow sports; Skiing; Injuries; Risk

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