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ORIGINAL ARTICLE  EXERCISE PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOMECHANICS 

The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2019 December;59(12):1968-74

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.19.09573-2

Copyright © 2019 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

Eccentric and blood flow restriction exercises in women induce hypertrophy

Elizabeth WELLS, Danielle EUSTACE, C. Stuart GUPTON, Gregory S. DEDRICK, Jennifer BUNN

Department of Physical Therapy, Campbell University, Buies Creek, NC, USA



BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to assess the mechanical and metabolic effects of eccentric (ECC) resistance training and blood flow restriction (BFR) exercise on the elbow flexors in recreationally trained females.
METHODS: Seventeen females (ECC: 30.0±7.6 years, 165.6±5.4 cm, 67.1±8.5 kg; ECC+BFR: 24.4±2.2 years, 163.7±9.3 cm, 67.6±12.2 kg) were randomized to two groups and trained twice weekly for four weeks. The ECC+BFR group trained at 30% 1-rep max (1-RM), 3x20 repetitions, and the ECC group trained at 60% 1-RM, 3×10 repetitions. The BFR cuff was pressurized to 60% of maximal occlusion. Both groups performed the ECC portion of a bicep curl with assistance to return the arm back to starting position. Rate of perceived exertion (RPE) and blood lactate were measured each week. Testing was conducted at baseline and post-training and included: body composition, thickness and cross-sectional area (CSA) of the elbow flexors, arm circumference, bicep curl 1-RM, and inverted rows to exhaustion.
RESULTS: There was no significant group difference for any of the variables (P>0.05). A training effect was shown with both groups increasing right arm circumference (P=0.004), muscle thickness (P<0.001), CSA (P=0.001), 1-RM for the right (P=0.001) and left arms (P=0.014), and inverted rows (P=0.001). Both groups showed significant decreases in lactate (P=0.047) and RPE (P<0.001).
CONCLUSIONS: Females can produce muscular gains with ECC and BFR training similar to previous results seen in males.


KEY WORDS: Blood circulation; Therapeutic occlusion; Resistance training; Athletic performance; Elbow joint; Muscle strength

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