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ORIGINAL ARTICLE  EXERCISE PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOMECHANICS 

The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2019 January;59(1):25-34

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.18.07942-2

Copyright © 2018 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

Physiological and technical commitment during a 300-m in-line skating trial in athletes of different age categories

Pietro L. INVERNIZZI 1, Raffaele SCURATI 1, Matteo CROTTI 1, Andrea BOSIO 2, Stefano LONGO 1 , Fabio ESPOSITO 1

1 Department of Biomedical Sciences for Health, University of Milan, Milan, Italy; 2 Human Performance Laboratory, Mapei Sport Centre, Olgiate Olona, Varese, Italy



BACKGROUND: This study investigated the differences in strength, technique and time performance in in-line skaters of three age categories during a 300-meter trial. Possible correlations among these variables were also assessed.
METHODS: Thirty-six elite in-line skaters (Cadets, Juniors and Seniors, N.=12 each; 14±1, 16±1, and 24±6 years of age, respectively) performed a 300-m trial on an outdoor oval track. Total time (Ttot), 100-m fractions and duration of each skating technique (initial acceleration phase, straight push and cross-over) were recorded. A squat jump (SJ) was performed before and after the trial. Heart rate, blood lactate concentration ([La-]) and rate of perceived exertion (RPE) were collected before, during and at the end of the trial.
RESULTS: Ttot was longer and SJ lower in Cadets compared to the other groups. Seniors employed the cross-over technique for a longer period than the straight push technique, compared to Juniors and Cadets. Ttot correlated negatively with SJ in Seniors. The number of significant correlations between skating techniques’ duration and both Ttot and SJ increased with age category. No differences among groups were found for heart rate, [La-] and RPE.
CONCLUSIONS: With increasing age category, leg strength appeared to be the more related aspect to skating performance. To improve 300-m in-line skating performance, trainers should pay particular attention to the enhancement of leg strength and cross-over skating technique.


KEY WORDS: Skating - Function laterality - Exercise - Muscle strength - Motor skills

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