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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS

Rivista di Medicina, Traumatologia e Psicologia dello Sport


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ORIGINAL ARTICLE  EXERCISE PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOMECHANICS


The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2017 October;57(10):1252-60

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.17.06853-0

Copyright © 2017 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

High-intensity interval training and athletic performance in Taekwondo athletes

Lynne MONKS 1, Myong-Won SEO 1, Hyun-Bae KIM 1, Hyun C. JUNG 2, Jong K. SONG 1

1 Department of Taekwondo, College of Physical Education, Kyung Hee University, Yong-In, South Korea; 2 Department of Kinesiology, College of Health and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Louisiana at Monroe, LA, USA


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BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) on athletic performance in Taekwondo athletes.
METHODS: Thirty-three male and female collegiate Taekwondo athletes were randomly divided into a HIIT group (N.=16) or a high-intensity continuous running (HICR) group (N.=17). The HIIT group undertook training of high-intensity sprints interspersed with active rest periods whilst the HICR group participated in high-intensity running for a continuous period. Both groups completed 11 sessions over 4 weeks. Physique, body composition, Wingate anaerobic test and VO2max test were measured. The vertical jump test, agility T-test and sit-ups were used to assess physical fitness. Repeated measures ANCOVAs with sex as a covariate were applied and significant level was set at 0.05.
RESULTS: Following 11 sessions of training, significant improvements in anaerobic peak power (P<0.05), relative peak power (P<0.05), and mean power (P<0.05) were observed only in HIIT group compared to HICR group. A greater improvement of aerobic capacity was observed in HIIT group (8.8%) compared to the HICR group (1.7%). In relation to physical fitness, the HIIT group improved in the vertical jump while the HICR group did not change. Both the HIIT and HICR groups showed greater improvements in T-test and sit-ups during the intervention period.
CONCLUSIONS: This study shows the effectiveness of eleven sessions of HIIT in producing significant improvements in anaerobic capacity relevant to successful Taekwondo competition performance in collegiate Taekwondo athletes. This could inform the future planning of Taekwondo athletes’ pre-competition training, specifically the influence of training intensity on anaerobic capacity.


KEY WORDS: High-intensity interval training - Anaerobic threshold - Physical exertion - Physical fitness - Martial arts

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Publication History

Issue published online: August 30, 2017
Article first published online: January 13, 2017
Manuscript accepted: January 5, 2017
Manuscript revised: December 15, 2016
Manuscript received: July 19, 2016

Per citare questo articolo

Monks L, Seo MW, Kim HB, Jung HC, Song KJ. High-intensity interval training and athletic performance in Taekwondo athletes. J Sports Med Phys Fitness 2017;57:1252-60. DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.17.06853-0

Corresponding author e-mail

jksong@khu.ac.kr