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ORIGINAL ARTICLE  EPIDEMIOLOGY AND CLINICAL MEDICINE 

The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2017 May;57(5):624-32

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.16.06086-2

Copyright © 2016 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

Peak fat oxidation during self-paced activities of daily life: influence of sex and body composition

Lena GRAMS, Momme KÜCK, Sven HAUFE, Uwe TEGTBUR, Anne‑Katrin, NELIUS, Arno KERLING

Hannover Medical School, Institute of Sports Medicine, Hannover, Germany


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BACKGROUND: Increasing physical activity is a cornerstone in the treatment of overweight individuals and self-selected exercise intensity leads to higher adherence to physical activity. However, information on differences in energy expenditure and fat oxidation between sexes regarding common self-paced activities of daily living are rare.
METHODS: We divided 33 subjects into normal weight (NW, N.=21) and overweight (OW, N.=12). Energy expenditure and substrate oxidation was measured during six self-paced physical activities of daily living using a portable spirometric system. We also determined maximum aerobic capacity (VO2max) and estimated free-living physical activity with a multi-sensor device.
RESULTS: For all six activities, total energy expenditure was not different between NW and OW subjects in both sexes. The peak fat oxidation during physical activities was reached at higher intensities for women (NW 57±15%; OW 53±8% of VO2max) compared to men (NW 41±8%; OW 42±9% of VO2max) with no differences between NW and OW subjects. The majority of OW (92%) but not NW (42%) subjects reached their highest fat oxidation during walking. The self-selected walking speed was not significantly different between NW and OW men (NW 5.25±0.48 km/h, OW 5.52±0.42 km/h) and NW and OW women (NW 5.16±0.89 km/h, OW 5.01±0.42 km/h).
CONCLUSIONS: When physical activity aims to maximizing fat oxidation, women should exercise at higher relative intensities than men, regardless of being normal weight or overweight. Self-paced walking is a suitable activity for overweight subjects to achieve high rates of both total energy expenditure and fat oxidation.


KEY WORDS: Activities of daily living - Lipid metabolism - Body composition - Energy metabolism - Overweight

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