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The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2016 December;56(12):1598-601


lingua: Inglese

Ophthalmologic findings in contact sport disciplines

Paolo BORRIONE 1, Federico QUARANTA 1, Valeria DE LUCA 1, Fabio SPERANDII 1, Emanuela CIMINELLI 1, Emilia CANTERA 2, Federica FAGNANI 1, Fabio PIGOZZI 1

1 Department of Movement, Human and Health Sciences, University of Rome “Foro Italico”, Rome, Italy; 2 Villa Stuart Sport Clinic FIFA Medical Centre of Excellence, Rome, Italy


BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to investigate the prevalence and the incidence of ocular complications in contact sport disciplines in a large population of professional and amateur athletes over a period of 3 years.
METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of 694 medical records from athletes examinated from 2008 to 2011. The following data were collected during the routine visit for agonistic sports eligibility: medical history, age, weight, years of sport practice, approximate number of matches, head and eyes injuries during and beyond of the match and a through ocular history. All athletes underwent a detailed ophthalmological evaluation. The follow-up of each athlete was carried out during the following routine visit for agonistic sports eligibility.
RESULTS: Most common disorders observed were: peripheral retinal degeneration, blepharitis, conjunctival and corneal diseases with a prevalence of 7%, 4%, 7% and 4% respectively. It was observed a positive correlation between peripheral retinal degeneration and age in amateur male boxers. Moreover, we noticed an incidence of 6% of laser therapeutic treatments as a result of retinal holes or degenerations, during the follow-up.
CONCLUSIONS: Contact sport disciplines did not result in higher prevalence of severe ocular lesion. Both conjuntival diseases and peripheral retinal degenerations represented the ophthalmologic disorders with the higher prevalence in our sample. In particular, peripheral retinal degeneration is remarkable because of the increased risk of retinal detachment. Dyschromatopsie, even if quite rare, should be considered when analysing the reception of shots, since gloves in most cases are either red or blue.

KEY WORDS: Complications - Eye - Craniocerebral trauma - Boxing

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