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Original Articles  BODY COMPOSITION, SPORT NUTRITION AND SUPPLEMENTATION (ergogenics) 

The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2005 March;45(1):58-67

Copyright © 2009 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

Analysis of age, stature, body mass, BMI and quality of elite soccer players from 4 European Leagues

Bloomfield J. 1, Polman R. 1, Butterly R. 2, O’donoghue P. 3

1 Department of Sport Science University of Hull, Hull, UK 2 School of Leisure and Sports Studies Leeds Metropolitan University, Leeds, UK 3 School of Sport, PE and Recreation University of Wales Institute Cardiff, Cardiff, UK


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Aim. The aim was to iden­ti­fy ­which ­league (English Premier League, Spanish La Liga Division, Italian Serie A and German Bundesliga) con­tained the high­est qual­ity ­players and wheth­er dif­fer­enc­es in age, stat­ure, ­body ­mass and BMI exist­ed ­between the dif­fer­ent posi­tions in dif­fer­ent ­leagues.
Methods. Data ­were col­lect­ed con­cern­ing 2 085 pro­fes­sion­al soc­cer ­players play­ing in ­these 4 ­leagues dur­ing the 2001-2002 sea­son. Player qual­ity was deter­mined by the ­leagues’ num­ber of inter­na­tion­al ­players and ­their ­nations’ ­FIFA World Ranking (FWR).
Results. The La Liga Division con­tained the high­est qual­ity ­players (­mean FWR) (11.5±13.8), fol­lowed by the Serie A (13.3±21.3), the Premier League (30.6±27.3) and the Bundesliga (30.7±27.1), respec­tive­ly. Also, dif­fer­enc­es ­were ­found ­between the age, stat­ure, ­body ­mass and BMI of ­players in dif­fer­ent posi­tions and in the dif­fer­ent ­leagues. Age had a sig­nif­i­cant influ­ence on posi­tion ­with goal­keep­ers (­years) (27.4±5.3) ­being old­er ­than mid­field­ers (26.2±4.3) and for­wards (25.8±4.2) and defend­ers (26.8±4.3) ­being old­er ­than for­wards. Players ­from the Bundesliga had the great­est stat­ure (m) (1.83±0.06), ­body ­mass (kg) (77.5±6.4) and BMI (kg . m-2) (23.2±1.1) of the 4 ­leagues. In reflec­tion, La Liga’s ­players had the short­est stat­ure (1.80±0.06) and the Serie A ­players had the ­least ­body ­mass (74.3±5.4) and BMI (22.8±1.1).
Conclusion. The dif­fer­enc­es dis­cov­ered sug­gest ­either dif­fer­enc­es in play­ing ­style and phys­i­cal ­demands of the dif­fer­ent ­leagues, dif­fer­ent phys­i­cal con­di­tion­ing meth­ods or, alter­na­tive­ly, ­that ­there are desir­able char­ac­ter­is­tics of ­players ­with ­teams in all 4 ­leagues seek­ing ­such ­players.

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