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Original articles  SPORT NUTRITION AND SUPPLEMENTATION 

The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2003 September;43(3):334-41

Copyright © 2009 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

Body size and somatotype characteristics of male golfers in Japan

Kawashima K. 1, Kat K. 2, Miyazaki M. 2

1 College of Bioresouce Sciences, Nihon University, Japan 2 School of Human Sciences, Waseda University, Japan


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Aim. The aim of ­this inves­ti­ga­tion was to com­pare the phys­ical char­ac­ter­is­tics and somat­o­types of 4 Jap­a­nese ­male ­golfer ­groups ­with 2 non-­golfer con­trol ­groups.
­Methods. ­Sixty-­three ­male ­golfers, pro­fes­sional ­golfers (PR, n=11), col­le­giate ­golfers (CO, n=24), gen­eral ama­teur ­golfers (AM, n=13), col­le­giate rec­re­a­tional ­golfers (RE, n=15), non-­golfing col­lege stu­dent (CG, n=45) and a ­senior pop­u­la­tion of non-­golfers as a con­trol ­group (SC, n=20), for a ­total n=128. ­They ­were somat­o­typed, ­according to the ­Heath-­Carter anthro­po­metric ­method.
­Results. The ­results ­show ­that the cat­e­go­ries of the ­mean somat­o­types of PR (3.8-5.8-1.6), CO (4.7-5.6-2.2), AM (3.3-4.4-2.6) and RE (3.7-4.8-2.7) ­were endo­mor­phic mes­o­morph, SC (4.7-3.9-2.1) was mes­o­mor­phic endo­morph, and CG (3.8-4.3-3.3) was cen­tral, respec­tively. The anthro­po­metric var­i­ables ­that ­best dis­crim­i­nated ­between ­skilled and ­unskilled ­golfers ­were ­body ­weight, ­calf skin­fold, ­calf ­girth, and ­femur ­width, ­with 82% cor­rectly clas­si­fied PR and 83% cor­rectly clas­si­fied for CO. Sec­ondly, com­bi­na­tion of sum of 4 skin­folds, ­biceps ­girth and ­humerus ­width, ­with 72% cor­rectly clas­si­fied PR and 75% cor­rectly clas­si­fied for CO.
Con­clu­sion. ­Within the Jap­a­nese ­golfer ­groups, ­there are dif­fer­ences ­between ­golfers and non-­golfers ­with ­respect to somat­o­type, ­body ­size and com­po­si­tion. ­Results sug­gested ­that PR ­showed sig­nif­i­cantly ­larger ­limb ­girth ­than ­other ­groups. Somat­o­types in ­male ­golfers ­tend to ­increased mes­o­morphy, ­related to ­skill ­level.

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