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Original articles  EXERCISE PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOMECHANICS 

The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2003 September;43(3):306-11

Copyright © 2009 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

Influence of a hot/wet environment on exercise performance in natives to tropical climate

Voltaire B., Berthouze-Aranda S., Hue O.

«Laboratoire Adaptation au Climat Tropical» ed à l’Exercice (ACTE) University of Antilles, Guyan Pointe è Pitre Cédex, Guadeloupe


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Aim. The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of a hot/wet climate on thermoregulation and cardiac responses during a prolonged effort in natives to tropical climate.
Methods. Experimental design: 22 healthy trained subjects volunteered to perform 3 trials of submaximal cycling of 1 hour each. Two of the trials were performed in a cool environment and the third, in tropical conditions. Measures: during all trials, we measured the evolution of tympanic temperature, water loss, heart rate performance.
Results. The results showed 1) a significant increase in core temperature (p>0.001), heart rate (p<0.0001), sweat rate (p<0.0005) and water loss (p<0.0001) and 2) a significant impairent in performance, estimated at 27.7% (p<0.01), in tropical conditions as compared with a cool environment.
Conclusion. We concluded that intensive and prolonged exercise in a hot/wet climate induces an overload regarding thermoregulatory and cardiac responses even in natives to tropical climate. The impaired physiological responses constitute a limiting factor for aerobic performance.

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