Home > Riviste > The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness > Fascicoli precedenti > The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2001 June;41(2) > The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2001 June;41(2):256-62

ULTIMO FASCICOLO
 

JOURNAL TOOLS

eTOC
Per abbonarsi PROMO
Sottometti un articolo
Segnala alla tua biblioteca
 

ARTICLE TOOLS

Estratti
Permessi

 

Original articles   

The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2001 June;41(2):256-62

Copyright © 2002 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

Somatotype, role and performance in elite volleyball players

Gualdi-Russo E., Zaccagni L.

From the Department of Experimental Evolutionistic Biology, Anthropology Section, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy


PDF


Background. The pur­pose of the ­present ­study was to exam­ine the impor­tance of the somat­o­met­ric com­po­nents of ­elite ­male and ­female vol­ley­ball ­players in rela­tion to ­their dif­fer­ent ­game ­roles and lev­els of per­for­mance.
Methods. Two hundred and thirty-four ­male ath­letes (­aged 24.7±4.4 ­years) and 244 ­female ath­letes (­aged 23.1±4.4 ­years) ­from the Italian A1 and A2 vol­ley­ball ­leagues under­went anthro­po­met­ric meas­ure­ments dur­ing the 1992-1993 and 1993-1994 sea­sons. Somatotypes ­were esti­mat­ed ­with the Heath-Carter meth­od.
Results. Marked sex­u­al dimor­phism in somat­o­type was ­observed in the ­total sam­ple. The aver­age somat­o­type for men was 2.2-4.2-3.2 (SD 0.7-0.9-0.9), and for wom­en it was 3.0-3.3-2.9 (SD 0.8-1.0-0.9). The somat­o­type was sig­nif­i­cant­ly dif­fer­ent in ­players at dif­fer­ent lev­els of per­for­mance (A1 vs A2 ­leagues), as it fol­lows: 2.1-4.1-3.3 (SD 0.6-0.8-0.7) vs 2.3-4.3-3.0 (SD 0.7-1.0-0.8) in ­males; 2.9-3.1-3.0 (SD 0.8-1.0-0.9) vs 3.1-3.5-2.7 (SD 0.8-0.9-0.8) in ­females. The somat­o­type was ­also sig­nif­i­cant­ly dif­fer­ent in ­players in dif­fer­ent ­roles. In ­male sex the ­mean somat­o­types for set­ters ­were 2.4-4.5-2.8 (SD 0.7-0.9-0.8), for cen­tres ­they ­were 2.0-4.0-3.5 (SD 0.6-1.0-0.8), for spik­ers ­they ­were 2.2-4.3-3.0 (SD 0.6-0.9-0.7), for oppo­sites ­they ­were 2.2-4.3-3.1 (SD 0.6-0.9-0.8). In ­female sex the ­mean somat­o­types for set­ters ­were 3.1-3.6-2.5 (SD 0.8-1.0-1.0), for cen­tres ­they ­were 2.8-3.1-3.1 (SD 0.8-0.9-0.7), for spik­ers ­they ­were 3.0-3.5-2.8 (SD 0.9-1.0-0.9) and for oppo­sites ­they ­were 3.0-3.2-3.0 (SD 0.7-0.9-0.8).
Conclusions. The phy­sique of ath­letes in the A1 ­league is char­ac­ter­ized by high­er ecto­mor­phy and low­er endo­mor­phy and mes­o­mor­phy. There is ­also a ­slight ten­den­cy of ­male ­players to a great­er homo­ge­ne­ity in somat­o­type with­in the ­group at the max­i­mum lev­el of per­for­mance. Moreover somat­o­type dif­fers in rela­tion to ­game ­role in vol­ley­ball ­players of ­both sex­es: the mes­o­mor­phic com­po­nent is max­i­mal in set­ters, ­while the ecto­mor­phic com­po­nent is max­i­mal in cen­tres.

inizio pagina