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The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 1999 June;39(2):169-76

Copyright © 1999 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

Emotions, heart rate and performance in archery. A case study

Robazza C. 1, Bortoli L. 1, Nougier V. 2

1 Istituto Superiore Educazione Fisica, Padua, Italy; 2 Sport and Motor Performance Laboratory, Université Joseph Fourier, Grenoble, France


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Back­ground. A ­case ­study of an ­elite ­female ­archer was con­ducted to ­gain ­insight ­into indi­vidual psy­cho­phys­ical reac­tions accom­pa­nying an ath­letic ­event, and to ­test pre­dic­tions of pre-per­for­mance emo­tions ­effects ­upon per­for­mance. ­Good per­for­mance was ­expected ­when the ­actual pre-per­for­mance emo­tions resem­bled the ­recalled ­optimal emo­tion pat­tern. Con­versely, ­poor per­for­mance was ­expected ­when the ­actual pre-per­for­mance emo­tions par­alleled the ­recalled inef­fec­tive emo­tion pat­tern.
­Methods. Experi­mental ­design: the inves­ti­ga­tion com­prised indi­vidual emo­tion pro­filing, emo­tions and ­heart ­rate mon­i­toring, ­final inter­view and per­for­mance eval­u­a­tion.
Set­ting: the ­research was accom­plished ­during the 1996 Euro­pean ­Archery Cham­pion­ships, one of the ­most impor­tant inter­na­tional ­archery com­pe­ti­tions.
Par­tic­i­pant: an 18-­year-old ­female ath­lete of the ­Italian ­archery ­national ­team.
Inter­ven­tions: ­because of the explor­a­tory ­nature of the ­study, no inter­ven­tion was imple­mented.
Meas­ures: emo­tion pro­filing was car­ried out ­using an idio­graphic ­approach ­based on ­recalled ­optimal and ­poor per­for­mances, ­according to the Indi­vidual ­Zones of ­Optimal Func­tioning (­IZOF) ­model. Emo­tions, ­heart ­rate, and per­for­mance ­were mon­i­tored ­across the ­five ­days of prac­tice and com­pe­ti­tion.
­Results. Indi­vidual pre-per­for­mance ­optimal emo­tion pat­tern, ­heart ­rate decel­er­a­tion ­during ­shooting, con­sis­tent ­shooting ­scores ­were ­revealed ­throughout prac­tice and com­pe­ti­tion.
Con­clu­sions. The ­good per­for­mance pre­dicted on the ­basis of pre-per­for­mance emo­tion assess­ments was met and was con­firmed by the ­archer’s inter­pre­ta­tion.

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