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The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 1999 June;39(2):120-2

Copyright © 1999 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

Anthropometric, strength, and power predictors of sprinting performance

Kukolj M. 1, Ropret R. 1, Ugarkovic D. 1, Jaric S. 2

1 The Research Center, Faculty for Physical Culture; 2 Institute for Medical Research, Belgrade, Yugoslavia


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Back­ground. The pur­pose of ­this ­study was to ­examine rela­tions ­between ­sprinting per­for­mance (i.e. ­average ­velocity ­within ­both the ­initial accel­er­a­tion and max­imum ­speed ­phases of ­sprint run­ning) and ­some stan­dard anthro­po­metric, ­strength, and ­power ­tests.
­Methods. ­Twenty-­four ­male stu­dents of phys­ical edu­ca­tion ­were ­timed ­over the dis­tances of 0.5-15 m and 15-30 m ­from the ­sprint ­start. Sev­eral meas­ures of ­muscle iso­metric ­strength (knee exten­sors, hip exten­sors and ­flexors) and ­power (­height of the ­counter move­ment ­jump and the ­average ­power of leg exten­sors ­during con­tin­uous ­jumping) ­were ­also col­lected, in addi­tion to the ­lean ­body ­mass and the per­centage of ­both ­muscle and fat ­tissue.
­Results. The ­results ­obtained dem­on­strated ­that, ­except for the ­height of the ­counter move­ment ­jump, all cor­re­la­tion coef­fi­cients ­between the ­selected var­i­ables and ­sprinting per­for­mance ­were low and, there­fore, insig­nif­i­cant. As a con­se­quence, mul­tiple cor­re­la­tion coef­fi­cients ­were ­also low (0.43 and 0.56 for the ­initial accel­er­a­tion and max­imal ­speed ­phase, respec­tively).
Con­clu­sions. ­Most of the stan­dard anthro­po­metric, ­strength and ­power ­tests ­could be ­poor pre­dic­tors of ­sprinting per­for­mance. A ­better assess­ment of ­sprinting per­for­mance ­could be ­based on ­more spe­cific ­tests ­that, unfor­tu­nately, ­require ­more com­plex meas­ure­ments.

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