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Panminerva Medica 2020 Jun 04

DOI: 10.23736/S0031-0808.20.03976-2

Copyright © 2020 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

MiR-181a reduces radiosensitivity of non-small cell lung cancer via inhibiting PTEN

Ping HU 1, Lulian ZHOU 2, Chuanli WANG 1, Guangju CAO 1, Ying CHANG 1

1 Department of Radiotherapy, Linyi Cancer Hospital, Linyi, China; 2 Department of Head and Neck Thoracic Surgery, Linyi Cancer Hospital, Linyi, China


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BACKGROUND: To explore the effect of micro ribonucleic acid (miR)-181a on the radiosensitivity of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and its potential mechanism of action.
METHODS: The differentially expressed miRNAs were screened in lung cancer tissues of radiotherapy-resistant and non-radiotherapy-resistant NSCLC patients, and verified via reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). Next, the effects of different miRNA expressions on patients' survival time were discussed, and target genes of miR-181a were predicted. The effect of miR-181a expression on radiosensitivity was determined using cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay and flow cytometry. The direct target of miR-181a was verified via luciferase reporter assay. Phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome ten (PTEN) was overexpressed using lentiviruses, and then whether miR-181a reduces radiosensitivity via targeting PTEN was detected via CCK-8 assay and flow cytometry. Finally, Western blotting was performed to detect the protein expression of PTEN.
RESULTS: The screening results of microarray expression profile assay revealed that 15 miRNAs had significant differences in lung cancer tissues of radiotherapy-resistant NSCLC patients compared with those in non-radiotherapy-resistant NSCLC patients. The results of RT-qPCR showed that hsa-miR-181a, hsa-miR-199b, hsa-miR-489 and hsa-miR-589 were significantly up-regulated in the lung cancer tissues of radiotherapy-resistant NSCLC patients compared with those in non-radiotherapy-resistant NSCLC patients. In addition, it was found that the survival time of NSCLC patients was obviously prolonged in hsa-miR-181a low-expression group and hsa-miR-589 high-expression group, but hsa-miR-489 and hsa-miR-199b had no significant influence on the survival time of NSCLC patients. According to KEGG enrichment analysis, the target genes of miR-181a were evidently enriched in the phosphatidylinositol 3-hydroxy kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (AKT) signaling pathway, NSCLC signaling pathway and other cancer signaling pathways. Under the radiation dose of 2, 4, 6 and 8 Gy, the survival rate of A549 cells rose in miR-181a mimic group, but declined in miR-181a inhibitor group. Moreover, compared with that in model group, the radiotherapy-induced apoptosis was markedly inhibited in miR-181a mimic group, but markedly promoted in miR-181a inhibitor group. It was also observed that the response of cells to radiotherapy-induced apoptosis was remarkably weakened in miR-181a mimic + PTEN overexpression group compared with that in miR-181a mimic group. Finally, miR-181a mimic group had a significantly lower protein expression of PTEN and significantly higher protein expressions of CXC chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4), phosphorylated signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (p-STAT3), p-AKT1 and p-mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) than model group, while miR-181a inhibitor group had the opposite protein expressions. The protein expressions of CXCR4, p-STAT3, p-AKT1 and p-mTOR were obviously lower in miR-181a mimic + PTEN overexpression group than those in miR-181a mimic group.
CONCLUSIONS: MiR-181a reduces the radiosensitivity of NSCLC via inhibiting PTEN expression.


KEY WORDS: miR-181a; PTEN; Non-small cell lung cancer; Radiosensitivity

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