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Rivista di Otorinolaringologia, Chirurgia Maxillo-Facciale,
Chirurgia Plastica Ricostruttiva, Otoneurochirurgia

Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, Scopus




Otorinolaringologia 2017 December;67(4):107-11

DOI: 10.23736/S0392-6621.17.02126-9


lingua: Inglese

Evaluation of chronic hoarseness presentation time in patients with different laryngeal pathologies

Ammar H. KHAMMAS 1, Isam M. Al-SHAREDA 2, Mohammed R. DAWOOD 1

1 Department of Otolaryngology, College of Medicine, Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad, Iraq; 2 Department of Otolaryngology, College of Medicine, Basrah University, Basrah, Iraq


BACKGROUND: Hoarseness is a perceived rough, harsh or breathy quality of the voice, a common symptom that can result from a wide spectrum of underlying laryngeal causes ranging from common cold to malignancy. This study was aimed at evaluating the significance of the time of presentation, as well as determination of etiologies and predisposing factors for hoarseness.
METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study included 136 patients presented with hoarseness attended to Otolaryngology Outpatient Department from May 1st 2016 to May 1st 2017. The information data included clinical history, medical and full ENT examination with fiber-optic laryngoscopy, while the investigations were made according to the determination of predisposing factors. Patients were aware with appropriate instructions about the risk factors. Finally, the treatment was provided either by our departments or by other medical specialties as indicated. The follow-up was scheduled monthly for 6 months.
RESULTS: The overall most frequent pathology detected was the non-specific chronic laryngitis (19.11%), followed by vocal cord nodule (18.38%). Smoking was the most predisposing factor (53.68 %), followed by voice abuse (37.5%). The time of presentation showed some significant prognostic value in certain laryngeal diseases such as vocal cord nodules, vocal cord polyp, Reinke’s edema, and non-specific chronic laryngitis.
CONCLUSIONS: Non-specific chronic laryngitis was the most frequent laryngeal pathology diagnosed, and smoking was the main risk factor detected. The time of presentation showed a significance prognostic value in certain laryngeal pathologies particularly in vocal cord nodules.

KEY WORDS: Hoarseness - Larynx - Voice

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Publication History

Issue published online: October 11, 2017
Manuscript accepted: August 30, 2017
Manuscript received: August 2, 2017

Per citare questo articolo

Khammas AH, Al-Shareda IM, Dawood MR. Evaluation of chronic hoarseness presentation time in patients with different laryngeal pathologies. Otorinolaringol 2017;67:107-11. DOI: 10.23736/S0392-6621.17.02126-9

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