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The Quarterly Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging 2019 Jul 30

DOI: 10.23736/S1824-4785.19.03166-2

Copyright © 2019 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

Sterility assurance of technetium-99m radiopharmaceuticals: no specific air conditions are required for their preparation, storage and dispensation

Jesús L. GÓMEZ-PERALES 1 , María Teresa GUTIÉRREZ-AMARES 1, 2, Fátima GALÁN-SÁNCHEZ 3, Manuel RODRÍGUEZ-IGLESIAS 2, 3

1 Nuclear Medicine Service, Puerta del Mar University Hospital, Cádiz, Spain; 2 Faculty of Medicine, University of Cádiz, Cádiz, Spain; 3 Microbiology Service, Puerta del Mar University Hospital, Cádiz, Spain


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BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to ascertain whether the extemporaneous technetium-99m radiopharmaceuticals -prepared by closed procedures- maintain or not sterility throughout their lifespan regardless the quality of the environmental air where they are prepared, stored and dispensed, provided that the basic aseptic rules for closed procedures are followed.
METHODS: Three different types of assays were performed in this study: 1) sterility tests of each and every one of the vials with the remains of technetium-99m radiopharmaceuticals, which have been prepared in our hospital radiopharmacy during three years without any special environmental air conditions; 2) integrity tests of punctured rubber plug closures using both microbial challenge testing and dye ingress testing; and 3) simulation of the dispensing process using a liquid growth medium.
RESULTS: Sterility tests of more than 6,000 vials with the remains of technetium-99m radiopharmaceuticals -prepared without any special ambient air conditions- were performed, all of them with a negative result (no growth of microorganisms occurs). The integrity of punctured rubber plugs closure was sufficiently proven under extreme conditions by two different methods. The maintenance of sterility during the dispensing process of technetium-99m radiopharmaceuticals was also proven by simulation of the dispensing process using a liquid growth medium.
CONCLUSIONS: This study strongly supports that it is not necessary any special ambient air conditions to prepare, store and dispense extemporaneous technetium-99m radiopharmaceuticals in order to preserve their sterility when the basic aseptic rules for closed procedures are followed.


KEY WORDS: Nuclear medicine; Technetium-99m radiopharmaceuticals; Extemporaneous radiopharmaceuticals; Sterility; Microbiological control

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