Home > Riviste > The Quarterly Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging > Fascicoli precedenti > The Quarterly Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging 2017 December;61(4) > The Quarterly Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging 2017 December;61(4):447-55

ULTIMO FASCICOLO
 

ARTICLE TOOLS

Publication history
Estratti
Per citare questo articolo

THE QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF NUCLEAR MEDICINE AND MOLECULAR IMAGING

Rivista di Medicina Nucleare e Imaging Molecolare


A Journal on Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Affiliated to the Society of Radiopharmaceutical Sciences and to the International Research Group of Immunoscintigraphy
Indexed/Abstracted in: Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 2,481


eTOC

 

ORIGINAL ARTICLE  


The Quarterly Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging 2017 December;61(4):447-55

DOI: 10.23736/S1824-4785.17.02803-5

Copyright © 2015 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

Lessons from 11C-dihydrotetrabenazine imaging in a xenograft mouse model of rat insulinoma: is PET imaging of pancreatic beta cell mass feasible?

María COLLANTES 1 , Miguel BARAJAS 2, 3, Gemma QUINCOCES 1, Rocío RAMOS‑MEMBRIVE 1, Josep M. MARTÍ‑CLIMENT 1, Margarita ECAY 4, Saray RODRÍGUEZ 3, Javier ESCALADA 5, Iván PEÑUELAS 1, 3

1 Department of Nuclear Medicine, University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain; 2 Hematology-Oncology Research Unit, Foundation for Applied Medical Research (CIMA), University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain; 3 Cell Therapy Research Unit, Foundation for Applied Medical Research (CIMA), University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain; 4 Small Animal Imaging Research Unit, Foundation for Applied Medical Research (CIMA), University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain; 5 Department of Endocrinology, University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain


PDF  


BACKGROUND: The feasibility of beta cell mass (BCM) imaging and quantification with positron emission tomography (PET) in the pancreas is controversial. In an effort to shed some light on this topic, we have used a xenograft model of rat insulinoma (RIN) in mice, mimicking an intramuscular islet transplantation situation.
METHODS: A total of 105 RIN cells were subcutaneously implanted in nude mice (N.=8). Tumor size and glycaemia levels were determined daily. Rat C-peptide was measured to demonstrate rat insulin production. PET imaging with 11C-(+)-α-dihydrotetrabenazine (11C-DTBZ) was done at 3 and 4 weeks and compared with 18F-FDG and 18F-DOPA studies in the same mice. Ex-vivo autoradiography with 11C-DTBZ was carried out in frozen sections of tumors. VMAT2 expression was measured by Western-blot and immunohistochemistry in tumors and RIN cells.
RESULTS: Functional rat insulin production in mice was demonstrated by substantial decrease in glycaemia (<50 mg/dL by week 4) and rat C-peptide levels (7.2±2.6 ng/mL) similar to those measured in control rats. PET studies showed that tumor imaging with 11C-DTBZ at four (N.=8) and five (N.=5) weeks was negative; only bigger tumors could be seen with 18F-DOPA. In explanted tumors 11C-DTBZ autoradiography was negative, albeit VMAT2 expression measured by Western-blot and immunohistochemistry was lower than in cultured RIN cells.
CONCLUSIONS: Although insulinomas are fully functional it does not seem feasible to use 11C-DTBZ for in-vivo measuring of BCM. This might either be due to inherent technical limitations of PET, decrease in VMAT2 expression in the tumors due to unknown reasons, or other biological limiting facts.


KEY WORDS: Positron-emission tomography - Vesicular monoamine transport proteins - (11C)-(+)-alpha-dihydrotetrabenazine - Xenograft model antitumor assays - Pancreatic neoplasms

inizio pagina

Publication History

Issue published online: September 20, 2017
Article first published online: April 17, 2015
Manuscript accepted: April 15, 2015
Manuscript received: February 20, 2015

Per citare questo articolo

Collantes M, Barajas M, Quincoces G, Ramos-Membrive R, Martí-Climent JM, Ecay M, et al. Lessons from 11C-dihydrotetrabenazine imaging in a xenograft mouse model of rat insulinoma: is PET imaging of pancreatic beta cell mass feasible? Q J Nucl Med Mol Imaging 2017;61:447-55. DOI: 10.23736/S1824-4785.17.02803-5

Corresponding author e-mail

mcollant@unav.es