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Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences 2020 Sep 24

DOI: 10.23736/S0390-5616.20.04929-2

Copyright © 2020 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

Downregulation of USP33 inhibits Slit/Robo signaling pathway and is associated with poor patient survival of glioma

Peng-peng HAN 1, Gui-qin ZHANG 1, Lin LI 2, Liang YUE 3

1 Second Department of Neurology, Weifang Yidu Central Hospital, Weifang, Shandong, China; 2 Department of Gynecology Ward II, Weifang Yidu Central Hospital, Weifang, Shandong, China; 3 Department of Surgery Teaching and Research Section, School of Medical and Life Sciences, Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Haike Mingcheng, Chengdu, Sichuan, China


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BACKGROUND: Gliomas are the most common malignant tumors in the central nervous system originating from brain glial cells. Although characterized as highly invasive and highly malignant, few molecular targeting therapies have been developed. Ubiquitin Specific Protease 33 (USP33), a gene encoding a deubiquinating enzyme important in a variety of processes, including Slit-dependent cell migration and beta-2 adrenergic receptor signaling, participates in the development of several malignant tumors, however, its role in the development of glioma has not been evaluated.
METHODS: Real-time quantitative PCR was performed to examine the expression of USP33 in glioma tissues and cell lines. Immunohistochemistry was performed to determine USP33 expressions in glioma tissue microarray. Transwell assay was performed to analyze the effect of USP33 on glioma cell line migration. The Kaplan-Meier method and log rank test were applied to evaluate the prognostic value of USP33 expression. Univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazard regression models were used to identify the independent prognostic factors associated with OS or DFS.
RESULTS: The present study demonstrated that USP33 expression was significantly downregulated in glioma tissues. Lower expression of USP33 was associated with a poorer patient disease-free survival and overall survival. In vitro studies revealed that overexpression of USP33 significantly inhibited the migration ability of glioma cells. Mechanistically, USP33 inhibits glioma cell migration by regulating the function of Slit/Robo signaling pathway.
CONCLUSIONS: Downregulation of USP33 is associated with poor patient survival of glioma. USP33 inhibits glioma cell migration by Slit/Robo signaling pathway. This mechanism may be applied for development of targeting therapy especially for the high-grade glioma.


KEY WORDS: USP33; Glioma; Slit; Robo; Migration

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