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Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences 2020 Sep 18

DOI: 10.23736/S0390-5616.20.04991-7

Copyright © 2020 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

Stimulation of the motor cerebral cortex in chronic neuropathic pain: the role of electrode localization over motor somatotopy

Afif AFIF 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 , Luis GARCIA-LARREA 3, 4, Patrick MERTENS 1, 2, 3, 4

1 Department of Neurosurgery, Pierre Wertheimer Hospital, Hospices Civils de Lyon, Lyon 1 University, Lyon, France; 2 Department of Anatomy, Pierre Wertheimer Hospital, Hospices Civils de Lyon, Lyon 1 University, Lyon, France; 3 Lyon Neurosciences Center Research Unit Inserm U 1028, Pierre Wertheimer Hospital, Hospices Civils de Lyon, Lyon 1 University, Lyon, France; 4 Pain Center, Pierre Wertheimer Hospital, Hospices Civils de Lyon, Lyon 1 University, Lyon, France; 5 Department of Neurosurgery, Sens Hospital Center, Sens, France


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BACKGROUND: Previous studies have reported the pain-relieving effect of chronic electrical motor cortex stimulation (eMCS) in various types of neuropathic pain.
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to explore the potential relationship between the clinical efficacy of eMCS for the treatment of chronic neuropathic pain and the precise localization of the contacts over the motor cortex somatotopic representation of the painful area.
METHODS: A total of 22 patients with neuropathic pain were implanted with eMCS electrodes. Implantation of the electrodes was performed using intraoperative 1) anatomical identification by neuronavigation software using 3D-MRI; 2) monitoring of somesthetic evoked potentials to check the potential reverse over the central sulcus; and 3) electrical stimulations through the dura to identify the motor responses and its somatotopy. Image fusion of postoperative 3D-CT and preoperative MRI images allowed postoperative location of the electrodes.
RESULTS: Analgesic effects were obtained in 18 (81.81%) out of 22 patients. Postoperative 3D-CT analysis showed a correspondence between localization of the contacts and the motor cerebral cortex somatotopy in the patients with postoperative good analgesic effects. No correspondence was found between localization of the contacts and the motor cerebral cortex somatotopy in the four patients with no analgesic effects. In three out of these four patients, analgesic effects were obtained after new surgery allowed repositioning of the electrode over the motor cortex somatotopy of the painful area.
CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study suggest that eMCS provides analgesic effects when the stimulated cortex corresponds to the somatotopy of the painful area.


KEY WORDS: Motor cerebral cortex stimulation; Motor somatotopy; Neuropathic pain; Analgesic effects

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