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Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences 2020 April;64(2):154-7

DOI: 10.23736/S0390-5616.16.03830-3

Copyright © 2016 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

Large traumatic basal ganglia hematoma: surgical treatment versus conservative management

Humain BAHARVAHDAT 1, Babak GANJIFAR 1, Hamid ETEMADREZAIE 1, Ali GORJI 2, 3, 4

1 Department of Neurosurgery, Ghaem Hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran; 2 Shefa Neuroscience Research Center, Khatam-Alanbia Hospital, Tehran, Iran; 3 Department of Neuroscience, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran; 4 Department of Neurosurgery and Neurology, Epilepsy Research Center, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster, Münster, Germany


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BACKGROUND: Traumatic basal ganglia hematomas (TBGHs) are uncommon events in patients with closed head injuries. The overall prognosis is poor, particularly when large hematoma exists. This study was designed to compare surgical evacuation through transsylvian-transinsular approach with conservative management in large TBGHs.
METHODS: Thirty-two patients, admitted between July 2002 and July 2013, with closed head injury and TBGH more than 25 mL were included in this study. Among these patients, sixteen were conservatively managed whereas another sixteen patients underwent hematoma evacuation via transsylvian-transinsular approach. The modified Rankin scale was used to assess the functional outcomes of patients for at least 6 months after treatment.
RESULTS: There were no significant differences between two groups with respect to age (21.0 vs. 18.9 years, P=0.635), sex (P=0.220), and admission GCS Score (7.5 vs. 6.5, P=0.234). The patients treated with surgical approach revealed a better functional outcome compared to the conservative group (68.8% vs. 31.3%, P=0.043). The mean of late TBGH volume in the conservative group was less than surgical group (33.9 mL vs. 40.0 mL, P=0.047). The mortality rates were not significantly different between the surgical and conservative groups (18.8% vs. 37.5%, P=1.000).
CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that hematoma evacuation through a transsylvian-transinsular approach improves the functional outcome in patients with TBGH.


KEY WORDS: Head injuries, closed; Basal ganglia hemorrhage; Brain injuries, traumatic; Craniotomy

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