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Minerva Stomatologica 2019 Oct 15

DOI: 10.23736/S0026-4970.19.04235-3

Copyright © 2019 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

Novel hollow fiber sandwich composite post system: mechanical characteristics

Luca BOVOLATO, Riccardo TONINI, Giulia BOSCHI , Giovanni CAVALLI, Stefano A. SALGARELLO

Department of Medical and Surgery Specialties, School of Dentistry, Radiological Sciences and Public Health, University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy


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BACKGROUND: There is currently no consensus on the optimal post system to provide effective long-term results. We used an engineering approach to investigate the mechanical properties of a sandwich hollow carbon fiber post in synergy with a new bonding technique.
METHODS: We studied two systems - a sandwich fiber hollow post (Techole®, Isasan, Como, Italy) composed of carbon fiber incorporated in a Dpp-MOR resin mix and a traditional non-hollow post (Tech 2000®, Isasan, Como, Italy). A bi-component composite (Clearfil Core®, Kuraray, New York, NY, USA) (2.2 gcm3, 12.3 GPa) and a dual cure composite with lower density and modulus of elasticity (Clearfil DC Core®, Kuraray, New York, NY, USA) (2.0 gcm3, 10.0 GPa) were also used into hollow posts. Results from three-point bending test (n=81), compression test (n=78) and cut test (n=81) were achieved.
RESULTS: In the three-point bending test there were significant differences in flexibility/bending when sandwich fiber hollow posts were filled with composite of different modulus of elasticity. Hollow sandwich posts showed also significant (p=0,000) better resistance to compression and cutting than solid posts, independently of the type of composite. Moreover, hollow posts filled plus composite with a modulus of elasticity of 12.3 GPa showed significant (p=0,000) improved resistance parameters rather than hollow posts filled with a composite of 10.0 GPa.
CONCLUSIONS: The study confirms the favorable mechanical properties of the hollow sandwich fiber post system (Techole®) and the synergistic efficacy when used in combination with the composite Clearfil DC Core® (10.0 GPa) and, especially, Clearfil Core® (12.3 GPa).


KEY WORDS: Nonvital tooth; Elastic modulus; Carbon fibers; Composite resins

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