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MINERVA STOMATOLOGICA

Rivista di Odontostomatologia e Chirurgia Maxillo-Facciale


Official Journal of the Italian Society of Odontostomatology and Maxillofacial Surgery
Indexed/Abstracted in: CAB, EMBASE, Index to Dental Literature, PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, Emerging Sources Citation Index


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Minerva Stomatologica 2018 February;67(1):12-9

DOI: 10.23736/S0026-4970.17.04066-3

Copyright © 2017 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

Oral features in patients with psoriasis: an observational study

Umberto ROMEO 1, Antonio RICHETTA 2, Federica ROCCHETTI 1, Laura MACALUSO 2, Chiara CIOLFI 1, Gianfranco GAIMARI 1, Martina CAPUTO 1, Gianluca TENORE 1, Marco BRANDI 3, Gaspare PALAIA 1 , Antonella POLIMENI 1

1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Sciences, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy; 2 Department of Dermatology, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy; 3 Department of Statistic Sciences, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy


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BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate and compare the prevalence of oral mucosal lesions in a group of psoriatic patients and healthy subjects.
METHODS: 120 psoriatic patients were enrolled in this observational study. Clinical examination, panoramic X-ray, magnetic nuclear resonance of temporo-mandibular joint, parodontal evaluation, oropharyngeal buffer and incisional biopsies by scalpel, as applicable, were done in order to value the patients. The control group was formed by 201 nonpsoriatic patients attending the hospital for dental conditions. Oral clinical evaluation of these patients was performed, to assess the presence of any oral manifestation that can be related to psoriasis: fissured tongue, geographic tongue, parodontitis, temporo-mandibular joint disorders and oral candidiasis. After the observational analysis, a statistical examination was conducted using the chi-square test (2-sided).
RESULTS: A percentage of 78.34% of patients belonging to the case group presented oral manifestations, while in the control group the 35.3% of the individuals presented any oral lesions. Especially geographic and fissured tongue showed a strong correlation with psoriasis.
CONCLUSIONS: Some oral mucosal lesions, such as geographic and fissured tongue, are strongly associated with psoriasis. Although these lesions are non-pathognomonic to psoriasis, their precise relationship needs to be clarified and further investigated.


KEY WORDS: Dermatology - Psoriasis - Oral manifestations

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Publication History

Issue published online: December 7, 2017
Manuscript accepted: October 30, 2017
Manuscript received: February 19, 2017

Per citare questo articolo

Romeo U, Richetta A, Rocchetti F, Macaluso L, Ciolfi C, Gaimari G, et al. Oral features in patients with psoriasis: an observational study. Minerva Stomatol 2018;67:12-9. DOI: 10.23736/S0026-4970.17.04066-3

Corresponding author e-mail

gaspare.palaia@uniroma1.it