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Minerva Psychiatry 2021 September;62(3):179-85

DOI: 10.23736/S2724-6612.21.02149-X


lingua: Inglese

The relationship between high-risk behaviors and depression: a study among the students of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences

Behzad MAHAKI 1, Youkhabeh MOHAMMADIAN 2, Afshin ALMAS 1, Parisa POURNAZARI 2

1 Department of Biostatistics, School of Health, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences (KUMS), Kermanshah, Iran; 2 Department of Clinical Psychology, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

BACKGROUND: Risky behaviors are defined as behaviors that have undesirable consequences. Depending on the level of depression, people may have different behaviors. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between high-risk behaviors and depression using confirmatory factor quantile regression among the students of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences.
METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted among students of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences in the year 2019-2020. The sample size was 750. The convenience sampling method was used for collecting the data. two questionnaires, the Iranian Adolescents Risk-taking Scale (IARS), and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), were used. Confirmatory factor quantile regression method using R.3.5.3 software and factorQR package was used for data analysis.
RESULTS: The mean age of the participants was 23.233±3.29 years. The relationship between smoking and sexual risk behavior and depression in all deciles of depression was positive and significant, and the relationship between drinking alcohol and depression was positive and significant in the 6th, 7th, 8th, and 9th deciles of depression. The highest scores of high-risk behaviors were also observed in the upper deciles of depression.
CONCLUSIONS: As a general conclusion, it can be stated that people with high levels of depression, especially students, are more prone to a variety of high-risk behaviors (smoking, drinking alcohol, and sexual risk behaviors). Therefore, measures should be taken to reduce this type of behavior in the university environment.

KEY WORDS: Dangerous behavior; Depression; University

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