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ORIGINAL ARTICLE   Free accessfree

Minerva Psychiatry 2021 March;62(1):18-28

DOI: 10.23736/S2724-6612.20.02118-4


lingua: Inglese

Prevalence of depression and its relation to quality of life during the initial period of COVID-19 pandemic: a cross-sectional study on Turkish society and suggestions on potential solutions

Begüm OKUDAN 1, 2 , Burcu USLU 3, 4, Sadık E. ÇELEBI 1, 5

1 Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Health Sciences, Istanbul Okan University, Istanbul, Turkey; 2 Faculty of Graduate Studies, Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Istanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Istanbul, Turkey; 3 Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Yüksek Ihtisas University, Ankara, Turkey; 4 Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Institute of Health Sciences, Marmara University, Istanbul, Turkey; 5 Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Institute of Postgraduate Education, Kütahya Health Sciences University, Kütahya, Turkey

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to identify the prevalence of depression and assess the quality of life with the emergence of a global COVID-19 pandemic in Turkey.
METHODS: This was a descriptive and cross-sectional study. An online questionnaire was conducted, including demographics, the self-rating depression scale (SDS), and the quality of life (WHOQOL) evaluation.
RESULTS: The overall prevalence of depression was 15.4% in our sample, with 505 participants. SDS overall mean in participants was 39.50±9.02, which indicates no psychopathology. There was a significant difference between the quality of life scores according to depressive levels (P=0.001) except general health (P=0.25).
CONCLUSIONS: In the early stage of the COVID-19 pandemic, mild and moderate depression has been identified. Quality of life is becoming the most critical issue to improve physical, social, and mental components. Besides, to prevent the spread of the virus, mental health, and quality of life improvement interventions should become priority public health strategies.

KEY WORDS: COVID-19; Depression; Quality of life; Turkey; Social isolation

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